|Navaratna temple complex Pathra, West Bengal. asikolkata.in|
Brick temples of Bengal show a wide range of forms and techniques of construction and they have close link with the local influences on the region during different periods, Hence various fine artistic forms find expression in brick and terracotta. In Bengal, the temples are manifestations of ever changing culture, religious movements and arts; they have certain ramification on the artistic adn relief works in the terracotta. The temple art forms keep changing in tune with the changes in the society. The blending of Hindu and Muslim elements in monuments is an intrinsic part of Bengali culture. This was after the arrival of Islam in Bengal - 12 or 13th century? The earliest temple artforms show the influence of Mayrian and Gupta periods. In the late 18th century, temples were built in small size with less terracotta decorations. Yo can see decorations only on the front part. At that point of time the economic and social condition of the society had a direct bearing on the nature of the temples - small in size, less decorative works and minimum embellishments.
Here at Pathra, there are three other flat squared roofed Temples adjacent to it and one atchala brick built Temple. Of these, the famous is the Navaratna Temple built in 18th century. AD and having exquisite terracotta ornamentation.
|Site plan. Navaratna temple complex Pathra, West Bengal. asikolkata.in|
The Kalachand Temple complex is on the northern side of the river embankment right across Navaratna complex comprising rectangular built Dalan type brick Temple and one rectangular roofless laterite structure fronted by a verandah locally known as Durgamandapa. There is a half-buried Pancharatna Temple made of brick just obstructing the embankment; there is another damaged pancharatna Temple at a short distance on the Northern side of big tank and few other small Temples are close-by. .http://www.asikolkata.in/w-midnapur.aspx#JohnPearce