|Plaque of the William Baillie Memorial, Seringapatam.wikipedia.org|
|William Baillie Memorial, Seringapatamen.wikipedia.org|
The French had a big settlement in Podicherry, S.India and in 1779 he lead his army against the French and destroyed their works, etc. In 1780 he successfully conducted operations in in the Northern Circars (part of Andhra Pradesh). On this expedition he headed a detached force, consisting of two companies of European infantry, two batteries of artillery, and five battalions of native infantry,
|Srirangapatna, Baillie's dungeon, plaque at the entrance. abhinavagarwal.net|
|Srirangapatna fort, the dungeon -meant for POWS panoramio.com|
Baillie, made a wrong move by marching forward from Pollilur toward Conjeveram and on the morning of 10 September 1780, found himself confronted by Hyder Ali's army. In the pitched battle with no additional enforcement, col. Baillie could not make any offencive move. Hyder's men fought ferociously and several English men were either killed or severely wounded. Col Fletcher died here. The survivors, including some of the wounded were taken as prisoners, and carried off to Seringapatam. Among the number grievously wounded was Colonel Baillie, who fought bravely at Pollilur.
|Baillie's dungeon, Srirangapatna. commons.wikimedia.org|
It was Lt Col John Baillie who was William Baillie's nephew, and who served as the British Resident in the Court of the Nawab of Oudh, Lucknow, commissioned a memorial for Col. Baillie. It is located next to the Gumbaz, where Tippu Sultan is buried. The memorial came up 17 years after the fall of Tippu Sultan in 1799.
The underground dungeons are close Ranganatha Swamy temple, and Lal Mahal Palace. They measure 30.5 mts length and 12.2 mts breadth and is made of brick and lime mortar. When Tipu put the POWS in the dungeons, for which it was built, prisoners were chained to the stone slabs fixed on the walls andthe place was then filled half-way with water.
Surrounded by a deep moat there was no escape for the prisoners from this hell hole. The the dungeon was named after Colonel Bailey because he was an inmate here till his painful death. British officers like Captain Baird, Colonel Brith White, Sampson, Frozen and Lindsay were locked-up here for a pretty long period.