The Indian subcontinent in the last 2000 plus years had been ruled by various kings, maharajahs, Sultans. Nawabs and finally by the European colonists, particularly, the English who ruled the vast land for more than 200 years. Hence, India is home to thousands of monuments, both religious and non religious. The latter includes colonial buildings, forts, palaces along with armory, artillery, etc. Equally, the Indian rulers, especially in the northern states like
|Bara Gazi Toph (cannon) Fort Kalabaragi Journeys across Karnataka|
|Longest cannon Bara Gazi Toph (cannon) Fort Kalabaragi,Karnataka YouTube|
The cannon, is made of an alloy of (Panchdhatu) - five metals and measures 2 ft in diameter and is 7 inches thick. There were countless metal experts living in the Bahmini sultanate then. The cannon had 20 rings on its top portion for its movement. During the war time it needed twenty soldiers to pull the cannon. Now it is left with only 5 rings and it is due to lack of security on the part pf the government. According to Mr. Ayazuddin, a national award-winning artist the weight of the cannon would be 80 tones.
Mr. Ayazuddin Patel, a national award-winning artist said that according to the Guinness Book of World Record, the Tsar Cannon in Russia is the world’s largest cannon. The Jaivana Cannon in Jaipur in India is said to be the 10th largest cannon.
The Bara Gazi Toph cannon. which is 6 ft larger than the Jagadamba Bhavani Toph located at the Koulas Fort in Nizamabad district in Telangana, was claimed to be the largest cannon in the world in 2013.
The following are the big cannons in the world:
Tsar Cannon (17.5 feet) 15th century Russia
Pumhart von Steyr (259 cm) 15th Century, Austria
The Basilic-Ottoman (732 cm) Turkish
Faule Mette (181 cm) 15th century, Germany
Malik-e-Maidan (14.6 feet) 16th century, Bijapur, India
Dulle Griet (345 cm) 14th century, Belgium, Europe
Dardanelles Gun (518 cm) 15th century, Turkish
Mons Meg (4.6 m) 15th century, Scottish, Scotland
Faule Grete (250 cm) 15th century,
Jaivana (20.2 feet) 18th century, Jaipur, India
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and the State Archaeology Department have not taken any serious steps to make it a popular destination for the tourists and, for no reason, the largest and deadliest cannon in the world kept in the fort in
Three of the longest cannons in the world are in India. The Gulbarga cannon is 29 feet long, Nizamabad cannon is 23 feet and Jaipur cannon is 20.2 feet. It is unfortunate that the authorities concerned did not take the effort to measure the cannons lying in several Indian forts. Nor have any researchers or historians done a proper study on the historical cannon.