Saturday, 22 September 2018

Patriot Raja Nahar Singh - hanged to death by the East India company (1858)


The 1857 Sepoy Mutiny, the first major war against the British who were operating a trading company in India, was an important historical and political event in which, besides the rebels, many Indian rulers revolted against the British company's  misrule and discriminatory attitude. 

Patriot Raja Nahar Singh
Raja Nahar Singh (1823–1858), the  king of a small  princely state of Ballabhgarh in Faridabad District of Haryana, India, 20 km close to Delhi  was one among the Indian rulers who took an active role in the rebellion.  Coming from the family of  Jats from Tewatia gotra he lost his father when he was just 9 years old. Nahar's parents were Raja Ram Singh and Rani Basant Kaur and he was born at Ballbhgarh on 6 April 1821. He was the descendant of  Maharajah Suraj Mal Sinsinwar of Bharatpur State.  Under the care of his uncle Naval Singh, Nahar grew up and became a ruler in  1839. Educated at home, his teachers were Pandit Kulkarni and Maulvi Rahman Khan. During the early colonial rule,  Ballabhgarh State was an important princely state founded by Jats of Tewatia clan.

Like many Indian rulers and the Indian natives, he hated the British and made up his mind to get them out of India soon.  A man of easy disposition and farsightedness, he remained a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity.  He donated a few villages to some his Court musicians - mostly Muslims. Quite obsessed with getting back the kingdoms and dignity from the British, he worked hard to bring the Indian rulers under one flag  to fight against the English company that was backed by the British crown.  He got in touch with such rulers as Nawab of Jhajjar, Farukhnagar,  begum Sumro, Gurgaon and others. A great event took place in the back drop of Sepoy mutiny. A secret meeting was held at his initiative at the fort of Mukteshwar (UP) during the time of Kartik mela. An interesting fact about this crucial meeting is it was attended by such well-known  rulers or their associates like Tantiya Tope, Raja Krishan Gopal, Rewari, Mangal Pandey and Raja of Gwalior. What was the purpose of this meeting by the rulers? Successful launching of ''war of independence''
Raja nahar Singh's palace faridabad.
The last Mogul Emperor Bahadur Shah II, who was cheated by the British, appointed Nahar Singh as the Internal Administrator of Delhi. Raja Nahar took the responsibility seriously, got to-gether with the chieftains and discussed their strategy  and prepared them by way of motivation for the ensuing revolt.  The British forces to seize Delhi  fanned out their forces to put down the rebels. The British forces were led by Brig. Showers to go after the second revolt of the region ie Ballabgarh, Gurgaon Jhajjar and Rewari. 
After several skirmishes, Brig. Showers, at last, succeeded in arresting Raja Nahar on 6 December 1857 and kept him first in Motia Mahar. Later Raja Nahar was kept in Metcalf House, Delhi. 

Now Raja Nahar had to face a trial on his involvement in the revolt against the British Government. A military Commission with four members was formed under Brig. Gen. Chamberlain On 19 December 1857 in Delhi the trial began - British Crown vs Raja Nahar and his associates. 

Considering the seriousness of the rebellion and the unity among the Indian rulers, the English company, in consent with the Crown, wanted to crush the morale of the Indian rulers and teach a lesson to the future rebels. The military commission found Raja Nahar along with Nawab of Jhajjar, Dadree and Faruknagar  guilty and hanged them to death. On  9 January 1858 at Kotwali, Chandni Chowk in old Delhi. Raja Nahar was  hanged to death. Reason:  He assisted  the rebellion with money, provisions and arms The other rulers were hanged to death on 23 January 1958. Nahar's properties and the palace were confiscated by them.  His palace is now under the control of the Haryana Government

When the rebellion came to an end Emperor Bhahadur Shah II was banished to Burma and his princes - sons and grand sons were executed by a crazy English officer in Delhi. They were shot at close range.