|Patriot and INA Shah Nawaz Khan www.patrika.com//www.patrika.c|
|with Netaji Patriot and INA Shah Nawaz Khan www.patrika.com/|
Born in the village of Matore, Kahuta, Rawalpindi District, British India (now Pakistan) Khan was with the British Indian Army in 1940, and saw action in the Battle of Singapore before being taken prisoner by the Japanese after the surrender of the city. Inspired by Bose’s energy, enthusiasm and patriotic speeches to free India from the British, Nawaz joined the INA in 1943 which was reorganized by Bose. Earlier the first INA was disbanded in December that year after differences between the INA leadership and the Japanese military over its role in Japan's war in Asia. Khan said of Bose, "It will not be wrong to say that I was hypnotized by his personality and his speeches. He placed the true picture of India before us and for the first time in my life I saw India, through the eyes of an Indian."
|Netaji with Nehru, Patel and others Daily Mail|
After the trial, Khan made a declaration that here on he would take the path chosen by Gandhiji - non-violence and later joined the Indian Congress party. After this he had a successful political career beginning with his first Lok Sabha victory in 1952 from Meerut Parliament constituency. He held important pst in the central cabinet ministry
The Parliamentary Secretary and Deputy Minister of Railway and Transport for 11 years (1952–1956) & (1957–1964 (second term). Three time he was Food and Agricultural minister. Finally he held the post of Chairman of Food Corporation and Natonal Seed Corporation. As for Khan's political ideology, you can see his shift toward left. Hr was a strong advocate of land distribution and land reforms. In 1967, he was defeated against the Jan Sangh party as his support for permanent separate personal laws for religious communities drew criticism. When the Congress part was split in 1969, he sided with Mrs. Indira gandhi. Till his death on 9 Dec. 1983 he remained as head of Congress Sewa Dal.
|BNSA – focusnetaji.org|
at Taihoku (Japanese for Taipei) in Formosa (now Taiwan), on 18 August 1945. They stated that his ashes were kept in Japan's Renkoji Temple and should be reinstated to India.
The Indian National Army (INA; Azad Hind Fauj; lit.: Free Indian Army) was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II. Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule , hence it formed an alliance with Imperial Japan in the latter's campaign in the SE Asian theater of WWII. The army was first formed in 1942 under Mohan Singh, by Indian POW of the British-Indian Army captured by Japan in the Malayan campaign and at Singapore. This first INA was disbanded in December that year after differences between the INA leadership and the Japanese military over its role in Japan's war in Asia. It was revived under the leadership of Subhas Chandra Bose after his arrival in Southeast Asia in 1943. The army was declared to be the army of Bose's Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (the Provisional Government of Free India). Under Bose's leadership, the INA drew ex-prisoners and thousands of civilian volunteers from the Indian expatriate population in Malaya (present-day Malaysia) and Burma.