|Dewan Purnaiah of Mysore /alchetron.com/|
|Emblem of Mysore princely state. Rajput Provinces of India|
|Mysore princely state. www.zum.de|
|Mysore coat of arms. Wadiyar dynasty. Wikipedia|
Not many people are aware that Purnaiah took part in every military campaign led by Tipu and in the Third Anglo-Mysore War of 1792, he commanded a rocket units with roughly 131 men. Tipu had so much faith in him in the last battle with the British, he had entrusted his eldest son and heir-apparent to Purnaiah's care. In the same war Tipu died in 1799 in the final Anglo-Mysore at Srirngapatna. When the English took over the Mysore kingdom, the administration was in a bad shape. Very much impressed with political and administrative skill and the track record of Purnaiah, Gen. Harris appointed him as the first Dewan of Mysore. Queen Regent Lakshammanni of the Wodeyar Royal family approved the arrangement. The minor- king, later Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar, had his training under Purnaiah.
Purnaiah worked hard to improve the quality of life in Mysore state. He gave due importance to public works and many of them even to day, stand as a great testimony to his vision and foresight. Several water tanks were dug, including a 9 - mile canal to supply drinking water to Mysore and to meet the agricultural needs. A stone bridge, was built during his time across river Kaveri connecting Srirangapattana with Kirangur and was dedicated to Marquess of Wellesley, the Governor General. The bridge has survived so far for more than two hundred years. It was during his period countless choultries (free food and lodge ) were built in the name of Maharajah of Mysore to take care of the needs of long-distance travelers in those days. But, they are known as"Dewan Purniah's Chatras". Yet another contribution of this great Dewan was improving the efficiency of the revenue department and management of lands. He introduced methodical surreys of government land and for better administration and created posts like Shekdars, Amaldars and Tehsildars who are vested with certain powers. Border patrolling and watch became a necessity as there were skirmishes near the state borders, a legacy of early regime.
|Lord Harris Residence, later residence of Puraniah, Seringapatam wikipedia.|
When Krishnaraja Wodeyar attained the age of 16 in early 1810, upon discussion with the then British Resident, A. H. Cole, the administration of the state was legally transferred from Dewan Purnaiah to the king and following year he retired from service in 1811. After his retirement from service in 1811, Purnaiah chose to spend his retirement life in the house known as Lord Harris's House or The Doctor's Bungalow or Puraniah's Bungalow in Seringapatam, near the Scott’s Bungalow and Garrison Cemetery. He died there on 28 March 1812.
01. "The Diwan seems to pursue the wisest and the most benevolent course for the promotion of industry and opulence" (Gen. Wellesley in Kamath 2001, p. 249).
02. Purnaiah gave much importance to law and order situation for smooth administration. If uncontrolled, it will affect the administration.
03. He had no sympathy for Palegars - the local chieftains because of their despotic nature.
04. Soon after Tipu's death in 1799, the British never dispersed funds to the Mutts, durgahs and temples for their up-keep. When Purnaiah took the reigns, he released the funds to the places of worship.
05. He had a close rapport and friendship with Gen. Arthur Wellesley (Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington) when he was in Mysore.
06. His grandson Sir P. N. Krishnamurti (12 August 1849 – 1911) was an Indian lawyer and administrator who served as the Diwan of Mysore kingdom from 1901 to 1906.