|Patriot KhudiramBose too uoung to die at the gallows Making India|
|Prafulla Chandra Chakiphila-art.com|
During the struggle for India's freedom, the attitude of the British administration directly under the Crown had not changed after the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 and the racial discrimination in jobs, exploitation of Indian lands, dumping of British products and destruction of cottage industries continued in a subtle manner. Though a large section of people wanted to be free democratically, a small section felt the British were hard nut to crack and the only recourse was to instill fear in them by killing British officials to hasten the process of getting freedom. Besides, they thought, such assassinations would get world-wide publicity, show the British in bad light and bring into focus how much the Indian natives hated the British rule . Among the Indian states, Bengal became a breeding ground for innumerable freedom fighters and some of them became revolutionaries and encourage violence against the foreign rulers. Unfortunately their love for the country, sacrifices to free the country go unnoticed. This is true of Khudiram Bose, a young student of Midnapore Collegiate School. Bose was heavily influenced and inspired by freedom fighters like Aurobindo Ghosh who later became a spiritual leader.
|The Indian Panorama|
|Patriot Khudiram Quora|
Mahatma Gandhi who said, '' that the Indian People will not win their freedom through these methods" did not appeal for the reduction of punishment for the young man. Instead, he felt sorry for the death of two innocent British women. A section of the Indian population was 'aghast at Gandhiji's attitude as he had not even an iota of sympathy for a young boy in his teens who gave up his life for this country'.
Born on December 3, 1889 in the small village named "Habibpur" in Midnapore district of Bengal, Kudiram Bose lost his parents at a young age and was brought up by his sister Aparupa Roy. He attended the school and college at Medinapore where in 1902-1903 Sri Aurobindo and Sister Nivedita respectively organized public lectures, besides conducting secret meeting with revolutionary groups. Khudiram, being patriotic attended these secret sessions that gave him inspiration to join the revolutionary group. Having joined Anushilan Samiti, he got in contact with people inspired by Barindra Kumar Ghosh of Calcutta. At the age of 15 he became a volunteer and distributed pamphlets against the British rule and this landed him in jail.
|Patriot Khudiram Bose. Towards Freedom|
Kingsford, arrogant as he was, also earned the ire of nationalists when he ordered the whipping of a young Bengali boy for participating in the protests that followed the Jugantar trial. As Chief Magistrate of Calcutta Presidency, Kingsford had passed several verdicts giving severe punishments to young political workers and at one stage, he became a maniac, bent on giving harsh sentences even for light crimes.
|abortive attempt on Kingford surajyadavopinion.blogspot.com|
The Calcutta police got the scent that there was a plan afoot to finish notorious judge Kingsford and alerted the Muzaffarpur police officials. Kingsford was warned about the impending danger to his life, but he never paid any attention to it. However, his security was beefed up at his residence and other places.
On the trail of Kingford, Khudiram changed his name to "Haren Sarkar", and Prafulla to "Dinesh Chandra Roy", and they checked into a residence in a 'dharmashala' (free, charitable inn). For the next few days both of them keenly watched the daily routine activities of Kingford and his security, taking notes of target's timings at the court, the club and his house. They decided to carry on their plan on the evening of 29 April and the place was near the British Club, Kingford'd favorite recreation place. The park across the club gave Khudiram and Prafulla a good view of the club As the police were close by, they changed the plan..
For three weeks, the duo went under the different names and moved around the town without raising suspicion. Following day in the evening - 30 April 1908 they came to the same spot and the presence of police alerted them and they hid behind a tree. Kingsford was busy playing bridge that night at the club with his wife and the wife and daughter of Pringle Kennedy, a leading pleader of Muzaffarpur Bar. Around 8.30 Pm, they finisedh the game and ready to go home.
Kingsford and his wife were in a carriage right behind the one carrying Pringles. The crux of the problem was both horse- drawn carriages were identical in appearance and Khudiram and Prafulla had no idea which carriage was carrying Kingford, Further, it was almost dark. As the ladies carriage was just near Kingford's compound to go past it, two men ran towards it from the opposite or southern side of the road where they had been hiding under the trees. One of them or both (?) lobbed a bomb into the carriage. After the explosion, the carriage was shattered and the English ladies were severely injured and later both of them succumbed to horrible injuries. As for Kingford, it was the edit of providence that he had to stay alive.
As this incident took place before 9 PM, the entire town was cordoned off by the police who were on the look out of the culprits. They were carrying a bounty of Rs.1000.00 on them. Kadiram, after his execution attempt, chose the country side and walked a long distance non-stop around 25 miles and was finally caught at a place called "Waini" (Now known as Khudiram Bose Pusa Station or Pusa Road Station) by the cops after some struggle.
As for Prafulla Chaki, he walked long distance and a resident, knowing well he was the assassin the police were looking for, took pity on him helped him get back to Calcutta. Unfortunately luck ran out quickly on him. At Mokamagha where he had to take a train to Calcutta, a police inspector saw him and altered the near by police station. When a posse arrived, after unsuccessful firing at the Indian sub Inspector, Prafulla tried to escape from the railway station. Finally exhausted, to avoid mental agony and torture, he shot himself to death.
|Patriot KhudiramBose compute.info|