|Juma Masjid. Gulbarga fort YouTube.|
The term "Jama Masjid" (from Arabic) means "Mosque of Assembly" or "Congregational Mosque", Though the word "Jama" denotes assembly or congregation, it is closely linked with Friday, the primary day of worship in Islam. It is more often than nor incorrectly called Friday Mosque. Jama Masjid or Jami Masjid means a main mosques in a place - a town or village, a place of worship for Eid prayers and Friday prayers. Across India there are many Jama masjids and the oldest being the Cheraman Juma Mosque in Methala, Kodungallur Taluk, Thrissur District of Kerala State. Built in 629 AD by Malik Deenar, an Arab preacher of Islam, it is believed to be the first mosque in India where first Friday prayers were held. Jama Masjid of Delhi, is one of the largest mosques in India and was built by the Mogul ruler Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1656. It cost then one million rupees to construct it.
|Juma Masjid. Gulbarga fort. www.panoramio.com|
It was Mohammed Shah I (r. 1358–75) who built this historical Jama Masjid mosque to commemorate Gulbarga as the capital of the Bahmani Sultanate. In Persian Gul means flower and Burg means leaf. The Bahmani dynasty came into being at a time when the Delhi sultanate's influence was on the decline. It was founded by one Ala al-Din Hasan Bahman Shah, a Bahmin's servant at the court of Muhammad bin Tughluq. Earlier the Bahmanids had gained considerable name among the Muslims and Hindus living in this region and enough experience to run an administration. The dynasty became a powerful one and ruled over part of the Deccan region. In their long rule, spanning 200 years, they made an excellent contribution toward the Islamic architecture of this region. They decorated this semiarid region with eye-catching structures, forts, mosques and durgahs.
|Juma Masjid, Gulbarga .www.indiamonuments.org|
|view of small domes.Juma masjid, Gulburga,ETAMINE PGG India|
|Jama masjid, Gulbuga, Karnataka. Wikipedia|
Inside the mosque lie seven tombs of distinguished Bahmini rulers, and the most elaborate one being that of Feroz Shah Bahmani's.
Gulburga is also famous for horse stables and ancient temples. Covering over 75 acres, the Gulburga fort is an interesting monument and has 15 watch towers with 26 massive metallic cannons strategically mounted. Some of them are located atop the three-storied structure called ‘Ranamandal', in the middle of the fort. Around the fort there is a rundown 40-ft moat separating the double boundary wall of the fort. During the heyday of the Bahmini rule, the moat is said to have been filled with water to the brim, with man-eating giant crocodiles to keep enemies away from the fort and to stop venturing to cross the moat.