|Mysore Dewan, C.V. Rangacharlu CIE. Kamat's Potpourri|
Chettipunyam Veeravalli Rangacharlu CIE (c. August 1831 - d. 20 January 1883), took the credit of being the first Diwan of Mysore following the restoration of monarchy (rendition during the British rule) in which Maharajah Chamarajandra Wadiyar promised to follow a new system of administration. Rangacharlu was an Indian civil servant and administrator of excellent ability and foresight and ran the kingdom as the Diwan of Mysore kingdom from 1881 to 1883.
Born in the Chingleput district, Madras Presidency in a poor Vaishnavite family, his father C. Raghavachariar was a clerk in the Chingleput Collectorate. He, in the midst of great financial difficulties, completed his schooling with distinction at Pachaiyappa's School and the Madras High School. Upon passing his proficiency' test in 1849 in first class and later completing matriculation, Rangacharlu got a job as a clerk in the Madras Collectorate.
|Mysore coat of arms. Wadiyar dynasty. Wikipedia|
Rangacharlu took over as Diwan in March 1881 and on the same day Chamarjaendra Wadiyar was installed as the Maharajah of Mysore. At that point of time Mysore was in a financial mess and the coffers were almost empty because of poor management. Equally in bad state were the industrial, agricultural and civilian sectors. On top of it, the state suffered a lot in the 1877 famine. This left the state finance in red - a debt of eight lakh rupees. Within a few months of Rangacharlu's appointment as Diwan, Sheshadri Aiyar joined the kingdom as Judicial Sristadar from Calicut and his progress was rapid. He later became public prosecutor and finally deputy Commissioner.
To make the administration cost effective and to reduce unnecessary expenditure, Rangacharlu disbanded Hassan and Chitradurga districts, downgraded nine taluks into Deputy Amildar sections reduced the number of Munsiff Courts, Sub-Courts and district jails. This smart move by him improved the state revenue and to have additional the revenue for the state treasury, he lifted the ban on the sale sandalwood and its products. With the revenue generated by the sale of sandalwood, Rangacharlu diligently developed an elaborate railway system for the princely state. He had a a railway line built from Bangalore to Tiptur and established a legislative assembly for the state.
On account of overwork and exertion topped by peer pressure, Rangacharlu fell seriously ill at the end of 1882 he resigned as Diwan on health grounds. Ho moved over to Madras (Chennai) where he died on 20 January 1883. Before his demise, taking the future of Mysore into account, he strongly recommended Sheshadri Aiyar as his successor - Diwan of Mysore. Rangacharlu was an honest and noble man and never had he failed to recognize talented people around him and groomed them. These two hard working administrators - Rangacharlu and Sheshadri Aiyar later put the Mysore kingdom back on a high pedestal by introducing reforms that were quite helpful to the citizens. Both of them were regarded as the foremost of the personages in certain aspects, and their contributions were epoch-making and stand as a beacon to others.