|Jallianwalla Bagh. SlideShare|
|Gen. Reginald Dyer. Butcher of Jallianwalla bagh.Hindustan Times|
Since the media censorship was on, the world, including Britain did not know the gory details of firing and the enormity of crime committed by Dyer with approval from the governor. However, the biased British media tried to create an impression among the British public that the gathering at the bagh was in violation of the curlew imposed by the government and they were armed. More than 10,000 people had gathered at the Bagh that day.
The official figure was just 400. Mind you, 120 bodies alone were pulled out from the well inside the bagh. The unofficial tally was more than 1000, besides shooting, a countless people died from stampedes or by suffocation from jumping into a solitary well inside the bagh to escape bullets.
When the massacre shook the conscience of the world, Dyer was removed from his command by the British government and had to face an enquiry commission headed by
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Indian and world leaders were appalled by Dyer's reaction without any remorse and his irresponsible answers invited wide-spread condemnation in India. The commission’s interactions with Dyer have been documented in Nigel Collett’s book The Butcher of Amritsar: General Reginald Dyer published in 2006.
The Hunter Commission unfortunately did not take any disciplinary action on Dyer because of politico-legal limitations and further, several senior officials were in praise of Dyer, saying a rebellion like situation in Punjab was nipped in the bed. A disgusting thing was a fringe group, in association with a local newspaper, gave him monetary award and a tile, "Saviour of British women". Besides, Dyer was lauded for his 'feat' and honored at the House of Lords in England. All these inhuman acts accelerated the freedom movements in India as every patriotic Indian leader was quite furious about the irresponsible attitude of the British politicians. Ultimately India got her freedom and soon within a span of less than two decades the British colony fell one by one like nine pins on the Bowling Alley!!
Upon his return to his Army office on 13 April , General Reginald Dyer reported to his superiors that he had been "confronted by a revolutionary army". Responding to a telegram sent to Gen. Dyer, British Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab, Sir Michael O' Dwyer wrote: "Your action is correct"; an open approval by Lieutenant Governor. "To avenge the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, revolutionary Udham Singh killed Sir Michael Francis O'Dwyer, who was Lieutenant Governor of Punjab at that time, in London in 1940. Since O'Dwyer had called the massacre a "correct action", Uddam Singh considered the Punjab Governor his accomplice.
Dyer died in 1927 after suffering a series of strokes. Let us pray for those innocent people who, 97 years ago this month, were felled down by a psychopath in British military uniform at Jallianwalla Bagh.