|Guru sri Basava. Lingayat Religion|
Basavanna, a 12th-century Lingayat Hindu (Saivite).
|Sri Basava, equestrian statue, Pune, MHquestrianstatue.org/basava-7/|
Basava, also known as Basaveshwara (1134–1196) fought against caste system. In the 12th century itself, his reforms were progressive and rationalistic, hence he was a great thinker ahead of his time. Basaveshwara introduced the concept of Democracy long long ago with equal representation from women and men and also people with different socio-economic background from all walks of life. Basava rejected the Vedas and the authority of priests. He also opposed image worship and unwanted rituals. Most importantly, he emphasized complete equality among his followers, including women.
His following concepts are worthy of mention :
01. No discrimination based on the birth and caste system is a taboo.
02. Mercy toward all humans and animals is a must
03. The conflicts of interest will always arise and peaceful negotiation is a way to solve them. Violence may lead us astray.
04. Trust in God who is the creator and who is omnipresent and Supreme power.
05. You must When it comes to earning wealth for you and your family, it ought to be through honest means. Ill-gotten wealth will never stay with you.
06. If you have excess beyond your needs, be charitable and contribute liberally to the rest to the society through Dasoha.
07. Morality is an integral part of a man's life. Aspiring for others' wealth out of jealousy and other women out of lust is not conducive to peaceful and moral life. At the end, it will spell disaster. No killing, cheating, killing, no hatred for other beings, no self adulation, etc to get inward purity.
08. When you earn the trust of others, try to stick to it. Never ever act or do things in breach of trust.
09. When following your goal, never lose your trust.
|Basava Samadhi. Virashaiva|
11. Never fail to follow the dictum - " there is none lower than me and there is none greater than society of Sharanas.
He advocated equal opportunities for women and vegetarian food for good physical and mental well being. The 13th-century sacred Telugu text of Lingayat community, the Basava purana by Palkuriki Somanatha narrates the the full life of Basava.
The Basavarajadevara ragale by the Kannada poet Harihara (c.1180) is believed to be an important work on Basava's life. Out of 25 section, only 13 are available. Basava is not the founder of Lingayats, rather he was a reformer and a poet who consolidated the already existing tradition. The Kalachuri inscriptions support the latter view. Basava's literary works include the Vachana Sahitya in Kannada Language. He is also known as Bhaktibhandari (literally, the treasurer of devotion).
His philosophy of life within the realm of Hinduism is simple, yet thought-provoking.