Wednesday, 21 February 2018

Tomb of Mogul ruler Aurangzeb, Khuldabad.

Tomb of Aurangzeb hindivarta.com/
Tomb of Aurangzeb, another view. TripAdvisor
Above image:  The Tomb of the great Mogul Emperor Aurangzeb, Khuldabad,MH. Down to earth 
a simple & ordinary tomb with no embellished interior Nor is there a big ornate mausoleum.  It is  in a small,shabby lane and is poorly maintained. There are other tombs in the dargah. People working here earn by way of showing the place to the visitors..............................
Aurangzeb's tomb in Khuldabaden.wikipedia.org
Mogul ruler Aurangzeb (Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad; 3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707) also known by his  regal title Alamgir (Persian:"Conqueror of the World"), ruled the empire effectively for 49 long years (1658 to 1707). Being the last effective Mogul ruler, he spent much of his time and money on war expeditions and his empire reached the greatest  extent in the Indian subcontinent during his successive reign. His empire's annual income was about $ 450 million, ten times more than some of the European countries of his time. The GDP was around 25% in 1700; the largest economy in the world then. Under his rule lived more than 150 million people, mostly Hindus and other faiths. 

 Unfortunately, on the domestic front, Aurangzeb earned the ire of the Hindus as he seriously practised religious persecution , unlike his predecessors who were secular to a large extent.  The introduction of the Jizya tax, destruction of Hindu temples, and execution of the ninth Sikh guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, his grudge against the Shia Muslims  were cited by his critics. Some others argue he did build the Hindu temples and employed Hindus in his kingdom. Let us leave this contentious issue as it is. His continued war expeditions against the Marathas, in particular, unwanted military expenses had a run on the Mogul treasury and towards the end of his reign, the Mogul economy was in a shambles. In the aftermath of his death, the Moguls lost their supremacy as a ruling dynasty  in the Indian subcontinent and this led to their representatives or Nawabs declaring themselves as independent of the Mogul empire and became local rulers. 

The Tomb of Aurangzeb, is located in Khuldabad, close to the tomb of his beloved wife whose mausoleum is called Bibi-ka-Maqbara near Aurangabad.  Maharashtra, India. In  marked  contrast to other Mogul tombs, which are large 
well decorated monuments of unique Mogul  architecture, including the Taj Mahal, his tomb is in an unmarked grave as per his wish. It is in the  the dargah complex or shrine of Sheikh Zainuddin who happened to be his spiritual "Guru"
Tomb of Sufi Saint Bahar-ud-din and Aurangzeb. Wikimapia
Upon his death in 1707 at Ahmednagar, Aurangzeb's  body was then  taken to Khuldabad after his son Azam Shah and daughter Zinat-un-Nissa. The platform over the tomb is made of red stone, less than three yards in length. There is also a "cavity" in the middle of the ground.  After his burial, he was given the posthumous title of "Khuld-makan" ("he whose abode is in eternity"). Lord Curzon, Governor General and Viceroy of India from 1899–1905) during the Raj visited this site and was surprised by its simplicity. Then he took personal interest in the grave and had the then  Nizam of Hyderabad (who was the ruler of the region)  construct a 'pierced marble screen' around it
marble screen Tomb of Aurangzeb, Khuldabad.My Favourite Things
. The tomb is roofed by "the vault of the sky". The additions included the gateway and the domed porch in 1760.

:Tomb of Aurangzwb, marble screen. /sudhagee.com
It is quite unfortunate that the great Mogul ruler did not spend his last days in peace and to meet the cost of his tomb, it is said, that he stitched the caps and had  spent just Rs.14 and 12 annas on his tomb. No other Mogul tomb is as simple as this one and this was in accordance with his wish.  Aurangzeb's full name is written on a marble plate located in one of the corners of the tomb.

The tombs of the first Nizam, Asaf Jah I, his son Nasir Jung, and those of Aurangzeb's son Azam Shah and his wife are also located in the dargah of  Sheikh Zainuddin.Tit-bits:

Khuldabad  or Khultabad) is a town and a Taluka of Aurangabad district in Maharashtra. Centuries ago it was known as  Rauza meaning garden of paradise. It is called the Valley of Saints or the Abode of Eternity, because in the 14th century, several Sufi saints chose to reside here. Located in this town are The dargah of Zar Zari Zar Baksh, Shaikh Burhan ud-din Gharib Chisti & Shaikh Zain-ud-din Shirazi along with the tomb of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and his trusted general Qamar-ud-din Khan, Asaf Jah I the first Nizam of Hyderabad. Spiritually well-oriented place, hence this place was chosen by Aurangzeb to have his eternal rest, which, in real life he failed to get because of his repressive rule and harboring hatred toward other faiths. .

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurangzeb
 \