|Sir Mark Cubbon KCB en.wikipedia.org|
Lieut-Gen. Sir Mark Cubbon KCB (23 August 1775 - 23 April 1861) was a British army officer during the East India company rule in India. He was a stickler for discipline and made a mark for himself as an excellent administrator of extraordinary efficiency, foresight and commitments. So, it was quite natural that he commanded respect among his officers and natives. He was the longest British Commissioner of Mysore in 1834 and if Karnataka (the areas that were once under the Mysore kingdom) state is what is today, it is because of Sir Cubbon and his foresight.
During his tenure, he vastly improved the administration and established law and order system, besides introducing effective judicial and economic reforms. which stood him in good stead in the later years. Prompt actions and correct execution in various fields helped improve the economy of Mysore. He tirelessly worked hard until 1860 when his poor-health forced him to resign the job and leave for England for the first time since his arrival in India as an humble employee in 1800. In 1802, he joined 2nd Madras Battalion. To put it in a nut shell, he was a Karma Yogi, a dedicated worker whose level of efficiency is unimaginable. This is one of the reasons why the Kingdom of Mysore during the tumultuous 1957 Sepoy Mutiny did not experience any impact. Further, there was nothing to complain about the administration of Lord Cubbon who was considerate to the natives and never interfered in their religious freedom, etc.
|Statue of Mark Cubbon, High Court,Bangalore Wikimap|
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|Popular Cubbon Park, Bangalore. en.wikipedia.org|
|Inauguration of the statue of Cubbob on the parade grounds en.wikipedia.org|
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When the British took over the administration on 19 October 1831, Cubbon's first priority was law and order. From 1831 to 1881 the British controlled the kingdom. In those days, across the kingdom disputes were settled with vigilantism that would end in murder of parties in dispute. Cubbon appointed Silladars or native horsemen who would provide services to the government for a fixed monthly charge. He gave them better pay to avoid corruption, etc. Thus he created a huge force of 4000 horses under various regiments in many taluks. Police force was introduced in July 1834, to prevent thefts, etc. He employed people to take care of civil services, road repairs, avoid sandalwood cutting,etc. The offenders had to pay hefty fine. He favoured a uniform code of law across all classes in the Kingdom of Mysore. Particularly, he was quite bullish on crimes.
Cubbon introduced strict administration based on codes. There was no room for corruption in the revenue department and court officers holding extreme Wahabi tenets. He formed nine departments or kacheris: revenue (dewan), posts (anche), police (kandachar), public works (maramat), military (sowar and barr), medical, public cattle (Amrit Mahal) and judiciary. Cubbon encouraged the use of Kannada and Marathi over Urdu or Hindi in the official work to avoid complications.
Yet another milestone in Cubbon's administration was the introduction of prompt salaries and pension schemes to instill confidence in the government and to gain the loyalties of government servants. Yet another administrative feature was the preparation of an annual administration report, a unique process that began in 1856-57.
|Grave of Mark Cubbon. Sir Mark Cubbon - Muaghold, Isle of ManWaymarking|