Saturday, 19 August 2017

Khusro Bagh, Allahabad, India - steeped in history

The tomb of Khusrau Mirza in Khusro Bagh Allahabad Alamy 

Khusrau, eldest son of JahangirFlowers of Indus Valley - blogger


Khusro Bagh, located in muhalla Khuldabad close to Allahabad railway station is one of the popular tourist spots  in Allahabad. It is roughly two miles from the Allahabad Fort built by Akbar (r. 1556-1605).  It is a large walled garden and burial complex and historically an important place,
covering  over forty acres. It houses a number of the tombs of of important people in history - Shah Begum (born Manbhawati Bai) (d. 1604), Jahangir's Rajput wife and the daughter of Maharaja Bhagwant Das and Khusrau Mirza's (d. 1622) mother; Khusrau Mirza, Jahangir's eldest son and briefly heir apparent to the Mughal throne; and Nithar Begum (d. 1624), Khusrau Mirza's sister and Jahangir's daughter. It is listed as an Indian Site of National Importance.

Decorated arch of the Tomb of Nithar wikimedia.org

The Mogul architecture is exhibited in the three sandstone mausoleums. Aqa Reza, Jahangir’s principal court artist beautifully designed the  main entrance, the surrounding gardens, and the three-tier tomb of Sultan Begum (died in 1604). Shah Begum, earlier name Man Bai (daughter of Raja Bhagvan Das of Amber)  was upset and dismayed over the bad relationship between her husband Jahangir and son Khusrau and ultimately  committed suicide in 1604 by swallowing opium. Her built in 1606 by Aqa Reza  is a three storied terrace plinth without a main mound.  The tomb however has a large chhatri that surmounts the plinth. The arabesque inscriptions that adorn her tomb were  done  by Mir Abdullah Mushkin Qalam, Jahangir's greatest calligrapher.
 
Tomb of Khusrau Mirza's sister, Nisar Begum.wikimedia.or

The tomb of Khusro's sister is design-wise and artistically elaborate. The central room has on its walls floral decorations depicting Persian cypresses, wine vessels, flowers and plants.

interior, the Tomb of Nithar Alamy


The tomb of Khusro ( 16 August 1587 -26 January 1622) is the last of the three in Khusro Bagh. Khusro was first imprisoned within the garden after he rebelled against his father, Jahangir, in 1606.
Prince Khusro was brutally murdered, when he was just 34,  in the war of succession. During the fight  to get the throne,  Prince Khurram,  another  son of Jahangir eliminated Khusro. After that he wrested the power from his father as well. Prince Khurram grew up to become Shah Jahan who built the Taj Mahal in the loving memory of his deceased wife. Khusrau's tomb was completed in 1622, while that of Nithar Begum's, which lies between Shah Begum's and Khusrau's tombs, was  constructed  in 1624-25. Nithar's mausoleum is however empty and it does not contain her mortal remains.

During the  1857 Sepoy Mutiny, Khusrau Bagh played a pivotal role and it served as the meeting place of the sepoy- rebels under Maulvi Liaquat Ali who took charge as the Governor of liberated Allahabad. However, it was put down by the British later.
The garden has now lend its name to the surrounding locality of  The name Khusrobagh is no longer confined to the garden; now it refers to the surrounding locality.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khusro_Bagh