Wednesday, 23 August 2017

Impressive Elphinstone Circle, Fort, Mumbai - retaining colonial aura

Elphinstone Circle,Bombay,Hindustan Times

Elphinstone Circle,Bombay,1869bl.uk/onlinegallery

Above image: Photograph of Elphinstone Circle in Bombay from the 'Lee-Warner Collection: 'Bombay Presidency. William Lee Warner C.S.' taken by an unknown photographer in the 1870s. Elphinstone Circle was laid out in 1869 and buildings have uniform design through out with a covered arcade  at ground level. After Independence, the Circle was renamed Horniman Circle. This name refers to Benjamin Horniman, an English journalist............................

Elphinstone Circle, Fort was built in 1869 when the city of Bombay was booming  under the direct administration of the British crown. A good example of fine colonial urban planning, it was designed by

James Scott, Chief Engineer of the Elphinstone Land Co.  It is quite similar to  Bath's Royal Crescent. The construction of this building was part of the redevelopment of Bombay which began under the Governorship of Sir Bartle Frere in the 1860s. It was set on the site of old  Bombay Green in the fort area. The uniform crescent shaped arcaded commercial buildings with impressive shopping premises along the wide streets and  central garden that once contained statues of Cornwallis and Wellesley augment the beauty of this urban land space and its old glory is not yet lost, despite vagaries of time. It is reminiscent an English street in a big town. In the early 1870s, it was occupied by the Chartered Mercantile Bank. 

Elphinstone Circle,Bombay,alamy.com
The building carried the name of Lord John Elphinstone,  the former Governor of Bombay, Later the name changed to  Horniman Circle after Independence in honour of Benjamin Horniman, the editor of the 'Bombay Chronicle' newspaper who had supported home rule.

 https://www.flickr.com/photos/23268776@N03/4189827755/in/photostream/

 http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/apac/photocoll/e/019pho0000002s3u00008000.html

 http://www.hindustantimes.com/art-and-culture/history-in-pics-the-19th-century-charm-of-mumbai/story-Km8r9lI06DQS4qL72oGSII.html