Monday, 10 July 2017

Rao Tularam Singh, daring patriot from Haryana


Patriot  indiapicks.comindiapicks.com



The sepoy mutiny of 1857 was the most effective rebellion against the tyrannical British officers  under the East India company that was more interested in squandering India's vast wealth - both natural and man power than in the welfare of the Indians. This rebellion that initially simmered  became explosive and shook the British power India.  During this tumultuous period, there arose many spirited men with patriotic zeal who directly or indirectly helped the rebels. Among them Rao Tularam Singh (circa 9 December 1825 – 23 September 1863) , a great patriot from Haryana made valuable contribution to get India off the British yoke. Tularam Singh was born on 9 December 1825  and his father was Rao Puran Singh; his mother's name was Rani Gyan Kanwar who was the daughter of Rao Zahari Singh, a local Jagirdar.
 
Colonial India. revolt of 1857. History Discussion

He is considered a state hero in Haryana  and was known as a good administrator and military commander. He was good at guerrilla warfare as well as military warfare. When the rebels were  fighting to defend Delhi against the British army, he and his associates supplied men, money, and materiel and gave all kinds of trouble for the British.


Rao Tularam Chowk, Jhajjar  en.wikipedia.org

On 17 May 1857,  Tula Ram along with his Cousin Rao Gopal Dev and four others  occupied Riwari. He successfully raised  a  force of about  five  thousand soldiers to fight against the foreigners, besides setting up a workshop for manufacturing the guns and other ammunition.  Anti-British feudal rulers of the Indian principalities were known to have predominated among the leaders of the popular uprising. They were not happy the way British officials treated them. It was Rao Tularam who  helped Emperor Bahadur Shah and other rebel forces who were waging war against Britishers in Delhi. He sent  money  and supplied large quantities of necessary commodities and supplied two thousand sacks of wheat . His soldiers fought valiantly against Britishers on 16 November 1857 in  Nasibpur - Narnaul. Rao Tularam's forces made a stunning attack  that made the British forces become scattered. In this unexpected, lightning attack two British commanding officers were beheaded and Lieutenant Graiji, Kennedy and Pearse were severely wounded. Rao Tula ram's forces could have overcome the British had the pro-British  Naga Sadhus of Galta (Jaipur) and the Sikh army from Jind, Kapurthala and Patiala had not come to their rescue.

But as the  British artillery  and  infantry forces  had an upper hand,  Rao's forces  took a beating  and his efficient commanders like Kishan singh, Rao Ram Lal, Sahjada Muhammad Ajam, Nephew and son's of Abdus samad khan and many others top ranking officers whose names perhaps we would never be able to find out were killed in action. The  battle of Narnaul was undoubtedly one of the most decisive battles of the uprising of 1857 and, as for the British, the resistance against them in Haryana and other northern Rajasthan state were successfully suppressed and defended. It gave them the much needed sigh of relief as Rao Tula Ram's military forces were efficient and daring.

After the battle of Narnaul ,Rao Tularam and his forces helped Tanya Tope for one year. Unfortunately when Tantya Tope faced defeat against the British in Rajasthan, Rao Tula Ram moved over to Kabul  and continued his tirade against the British and their atrocities in India.  He died in Kabul at
the age of 38 on 23 September 1863 and  Rao Tularam's estates were confiscated by the British in 1859. However, the estates of his two wives were left with them. In 1877, his title was restored to his son Rao Yudhister Singh, who was made head of the Ahirwal.

Raja Rao Tularam Singh's Mission to Russia in 1859 was quite interesting. Knowing  Russia's growing activity in Central Asia in the middle of the 19th century, he secretly influenced the Russian polity towards India. The Russian were in touch with people who briefed  them about  atrocities being carried by the  EIC in the name of business.  This sharing of information between Russia and certain Indians substantially influenced both the policy of the British colonialists and public sentiment in India. The rebel Indian rulers were secretly in touch with the Russians under the Tzar during the uprising in India between 1857 to 1859. 

The government of India issued on 23 September 2001, a postal stamp featuring Maharaj Rao Tularam. Institutions named in his honour. They  included Rao Tularam Memorial Hospital in Jaffarpur Kalan, Rao Tularam college, Vasant Vihar, Rao Tularam Marg New Delhi.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rao_Tula_Ram


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