|Chand Boari, Rajasthan Pintere|
The concept of step well was originated in India to tackle water problems in the dry regions where the rain fall was minimum. Such well-designed step wells or Boaris or Vavs are found in Rajasthan and part of Gujarat. Indigenous to India, such step wells go hundreds of feet below the ground with steps lining all around. Deep below near the water level, there are well designed large chambers and cornices for the people to take rest. The deep excavations have subterranean channels to store and tap ground water. The step wells show the ingenuity of the past rulers and their concern to tackle drought conditions.
|Chand Boari, RajasthanRon Mayhew's Blog - WordPress.com|
Located opposite to a temple known as Harshat Mata temple, the step well was built way back in the 9th Century. The well is a 13-storey structure, that goes down to a depth of about 100 feet. There are about 3500 steps that exhibit a fine, impressive symmetrical geometric pattern, quite pleasing to the eyes. One can not miss the diamond-shaped patterns caused by the interplay of light and shades thrown on the steps. It is quite mystifying. The presence of the temple shows that the well was built for religious purpose as well as for social needs of the travelers between two villages across the dry region
|Chand Boari, Rajasthan. Alamy|
01. The step well - Boari or Vav is a hoary water management system to store water hundreds of feet below the ground level. Step wells are found mostly in Rajasthan and in Gujarat. There are about 30 step wells near Delhi and some are functional.
02. The shape of the step well may be square or rectangle or circular. The sides have steps going down to access the water. The fourth side is provided with pulley to draw water. Size of the opening may vary from place to place. So is the nature of the ornate features displayed by the temple.
03. The depth of Boari depends on the prevailing water table. Near the water source, resting places are provided. Often, they are embellished. The subterranean water passages may vary from place to place.
04. Among the 3000 step wells built between 5th and 18th century, about 1000 plus wells have survived and they are not well taken care of by the governments at the state and central levels..
05. During the colonial times, the British considered the Boaris not safe and hygienic and closed them.
06. In 2014, the UNESCO recognized the heritage value of step wells and now, steps are being taken to restore these Boaris and Vavs.