Friday, 6 January 2017

Legendary Tipu Sultan's summer palace, Bangalore

Tipu's summer palace, Bangalore.1742 . www.pinterest.com
There are many monuments associated with Tipu Sultan (20 November 1750 - 4 May 1799),  legendary ruler  of Mysore. He is well remembered for his daring battles against the British East India company's army that was unable to overpower him for a long time.  He was known for his  difficult military strategies  and uncanny ability to execute them as planned.

Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace, Bangalore, India, a good  example of Indo-Islamic architecture is within the prescient of 
the Bangalore Fort. It was used as a summer residence by Tipu Sultan. It was Hyder Ali who commenced the construction of this palace, but it was completed  in 1791 by his son Tipu, a courageous warrior and a sworn enemy of the British and their hegemony.   Tipu Sultan died  on 4 May 1799 on the battle field, fighting against the British Army led by lord Wellesley (20 June 1760 - 26 September 1842) in
Tipu Sultan of Mysore. en.wikipedia.org
the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War in 1799 at Srirangapatna, Karnataka. 

His  beautiful palace  at Bangalore was taken over by  the British Administration  who used  it as their  Secretariat before moving over to Attara Kacheri in 1868. Today the government of Karnataka maintains the palace, which is located  in  the  prime  locality of old Bangalore near the Kalasipalyam bus stand.
Tipu's summer palace entrance, Bangalore. edge.ixigo.com
The fascinating feature about this historical palace is it is entirely made of choice  teak wood removed from the near by forests. The palace has  artistically designed arches, nice balconies, ceilings and  ornate  big pillars that support the entire edifice.  Highly embellished wall with floral motifs is an additional attraction. The four rooms in the palace were used as Zenana Quarters. It was from the balconies on the first floor, Tipu used to conduct his durbar - court.  There is an interesting painting of a grand throne as  visualized by Tipu Sultan himself. It is coated  with gold sheets and embedded with precious emerald stones,  Tipu had vowed  to use such a grand throne only after the defeat of  his sworn enemy - the English Army. He could not achieve it, though he had a military  alliance with the French army. The  victorious British dismantled the throne  after Tipu Sultan's death
Tipu's summer Palace in the Fort, Bangalore. , /en.wikipedia.org

Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace.1742 Bangalore . en./wkitravel.com
 and auctioned its parts. On the ground floor there is a small museum comprising of small rooms, showcasing Tipu's heroic exploits, his achievement, his personal items - clothes,  his crown  in silver and gold pedestals. silver vessels given as gift  by a general to Hyder Ali. There is a replica of Tipu's tiger; the original is in  the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. There are  many  portraits of palaces and personalities  of that time. 
Farsi inscription-Tipu 's Palace by Benjamin Lewis Riceen.wikipedia.org
The Horticulture Department, Government of Karnataka, maintains the area in front of the palace as a garden and lawn.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tipu_Sultan's_Summer_Palace