|10.5 cm (4.1 in) gun from Emden, in Hyde Park, Sydney.2007. indiandefence.com|
|Emden shelling. high court bldg, madras indiandefence.com/|
1862 by the British government soon after the proclamation by Queen Victoria on 26 June 1862, if you are an old timer, strolling down the memory lane, you will remember vividly the various interesting stories narrated by your father or grandpa or relatives about the notorious and marauding German cruiser SMS Emden. The name Emden entered the Tamil language following her successful attack on Madras, even today, a scheming or cunning person is referred to as Emdena. The most-feared German warship came quietly from nowhere in the dark on 22 September, 1914 around 9.30 pm off the coast of Madras (Chennai) and opened fire on the shore. Result: Three oil storage tanks (one was empty) of the British-owned Burmah Oil Company and a merchant ship were hit. The bombardment continued for 30 minutes and around 10 pm before retaliation from the British navy, Emden gave a slip under the cover of darkness and disappeared into the sea.
Thus began one of the first pugnacious acts in World War I (1914-18) on the coastal
|SMS Emden. Bombing Madras, Britis. India en Wikipedia.org|
The following questions remain unanswered so far:
01.The Emden, over a span of 15 days had already sent to the bottom several merchant ships of Italy, Britain and Australia before the attack on Madras. Their mission was to destroy the harbour, etc. Why did it not happen?
02.They targeted neither Ft. St. George on the shore, nor the harbor areas. Why?
03.Despite blackout order, the coast was illuminated and the lighthouse on the dome of the Madras High court building was flashing the beam and guiding the ships. With powerful guns on the starboard facing the shore, Emden could have pulled down the court building along with the lighthouse. It was not to be. What was the reason?
04.Emden stayed offshore just 30 minutes 9.30 pm to 10pm. Had it stayed a bit longer and its mission was just demolition of the Coastal Madras city's military installations. she could have done it very easily. It never happened!!
05.Were the German sailors poor marksmen and missed the target? No, it is not true.
06.With no warships around near the harbor, why did the German cruiser fail to capitalize on a good opportunity to show her firepower?
|Emden with 4th fake smokestack. www.youtube.com|
|Madras High Court bldg. 2nd largest judcial bldg. www.alamy.com|
|Alexander von Müller (March 24, 1854-April 18,1940.panhistoria.com|
|Sydney, Australia.wreck of Emeden./s3-ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com|