|Jallikattu, bull tamers. Vijayvaani|
|Tamil nadu map. Prokerala.com|
|Steer roping US Rodeo.WCMessenger.com|
with perfect timing or the Spanish bull fighting where the
|violence galore, Spanish bull fighting inkenglishmagazine.blogspot.com|
|Is it bravery?spanish bullfighter,bull dying in pain. ciccib.wordpress.com|
Jallicattu is not a pompous showbiz and is closely associated with the Hindu festival of Pongal or Sankranthi (in the the middle of January). Pongal is a harvest festival dedicated to the Sun god. In some places, it is a community sharing festival, a part of the new agricultural produce is also shared with animals. In rural Tamil Nadu and in many parts of India, the Hindus worship the cattle - cows from which we get a lot of food stuff. Equal importance is given to the bull which is associated with farm works. So, Jallicattu is a sort of a simple past time for the rural folks to indulge in a simple annual sport with the bulls. It has no money-spinning fancy clubs like basketball (NBA, USA), base ball, football or cricket.
Because of some stray incidents of people getting killed by the bull and bulls being subjected to various forms of cruelty,
not withstanding the fact that in many places Jallicattu events are conducted peacefully, the Supreme Court of India banned Jallicattu
invoking PCA Act ( saying that bulls cannot be used as performing animals including in bullock cart races; sections 3, 11, and 22). This ban on a traditional sport, part of a particular culture caused widespread protest by the Tamil-speaking people in Tamil Nadu, across India and in many countries. The entire state protested peacefully more or less in a dharmic, Gandhian way for a few weeks. Unfortunately, because of the intrusion of some bad people - rowdies, anti-social stooges, cast-offs, instigated by a few opportunistic politicians, the peaceful protest, all of a sudden, showed its ugly head. The state government, without wasting time took right the democratic process by passing a resolution approved by the governor. AT New Delhi, once certain amendments are made to the acts pertaining to Jallicattu, it will get the final ascent from the Indian President.
Exciting facts of Jallicattu:
01. According to ancient Tamil Sangams, this practise is called
Yeru thazhuvuthal, literally "bull embracing"( yeru means bull, thazhuvuthal means embracing or hugging).
02. The term Jallikattu or Sallikattu is of recent origin meaning coins in a purse tied to the bulls' horns. In Tamil salli means coins and kattu means a small package or purse containing coins and that participants attempt to retrieve the purse from the raging bull.
03. Manju virattu literally means "bull chasing" and is not widely used.
04. Jallikattu practised during the Tamil classical period (400-100 BC) became a symbol of bravery and the prize money was introduced to encourage this sport. Way back during the Madurai Nayak period, they used to keep cold coins in a bag and tied it in the bull's horns.
05. Evidences suggest the prevalence of bullfighting in the ancient civilization. A cave painting near Madurai, Tamil Nadu, is believed to be 2500 years old.
06. In many places like Madurai, Thanjavur, and Salem
Vadi majuviraṭṭu is the most common form of Jallikattu. The bull is released from a closed space (vadi vasal) and the bull tamers attempt to wrap their arms or hands around the hump of the bull and hold on to it to up to three wild jumps to win the award.
07. In vadi vasal type of jallikattu, mind you, only one person is allowed to attempt at a time and survive the three jumps or the entire run hanging on to the hump of the raging bull.
08. Veli viraṭṭu, a variant of vadimanju virattu follows the same rules. In this case, the bull is released into the open ground. This is popular in the districts of Sivagangai and Madurai.
09. The disqualification criteria are if the contestants hold the bull by the tail or neck or horns. They should hang on only to the hump for 30 seconds or survive 15 feet distance whichever is longer when the bull is trying to escape. The bull will be the winner, if no body can hold its hump or hang on to it for 30 seconds.
10. A Bos indicus bull, commonly known as the Kangayam breed is mainly used for jallicattu, Victorious bulls are selected for breeding purposes. They are used as studs.
11. There are some bad incidents in Jallicattu to make the bulky animal run by prodding the bull with sharp sticks or scythes, twisting of the tail which can fracture the bone, and biting of the bull's tail. Besides, there are also reports of the bulls being forced to drink alcohol to disorient them, or chili peppers being rubbed in their eyes to aggravate the bull. However, such nasty stray incidents are triggered by some selfish, money minded groups
12. It is true participants without knowing the psychology of bulls get killed by poor handling. In the past, bull handlers knew the skills well.
13. Unlike the bullfighting in Spain or Mexico, the bull is not killed here. In Spain and in South America, the bull gets stuck with several sharp spears with blood gushing out and the animal faces a painful and slow death. No such things happen here in Tamil Nadu.
14. Rodeo is banned in the UK and in the Netherlands. In the USA, Canada, and Mexico, the Rodeo shows, steer wrestling or bulldogging event and team roping are being questioned by the animal rights group.
Some additional interesting facts:
01. Surprisingly, bulls are being taken care of by the rural women folks. They give them good bath, feed them well regularly and once in a while do pujas. They feed them first and then only eat.
|Native breeds of Tamil Nadu.The Hindu|
|Jallikattu & spanish bull fighting. SlideShare|
03. According to the Hinduism, bull (nandi) is the vahana (mount) of lord Shiva and in all temples of Shiva in Tamil Nadu and elsewhere one will see the stone image of the bull.
|Gangaikondachola Puram temple bull, TN..pi2travel.com|
|second largest. big temple bull, thanjavur. YouTube|
|largest bull in India / Nandi at Lepakshi, Andhra en.wikipedia.org|
The first largest nandi / bull (4.5m high and 8.23m long) in India is
|bull/nandi. Pradosham,Thiuvannamalai temple. Om Arunachala|
Soil experts say Indian soil is very much affected because of
overuse of fertilisers. When more bulls are used for farm works, the more productive the soil will become because cow dung makes a good manure. We will get quality vegetables, rice, etc.