|White Mogul James Patrick. India Chai Bisket|
|Brit.Resident, Hyderabad, India.James Kirkpatrick.(1805)en.wikipedia. org|
"These White Mughals (also spelled Moguls) had responded to their travels in India by slowly shedding their Britishness like an unwanted skin, and adopting Indian dress, studying Indian philosophy, taking harems and adopting the ways of the Mughal governing class they slowly came to replace. Moreover, the White Mughals were far from an insignificant minority. The wills of the period show that in the 1780’s, over one third of the British men in India were leaving all their possessions to one or more Indian wives".
....... Historian William Dalrymple
Lieutenant Colonel James Achilles Kirkpatrick (1764-15 October 1805) was an interesting person, so to say, a maverick with firm determination to do things that he liked most. He lived for himself and not for the others.
Born in 1764 at Fort St. George, Madras (now Chennai), James Kirkpatrick came to India to take up a job with the EIC and it was his intention to conquer India and make a mark for himself. His resolute attitude in this regard carried a streak of imperialistic mind at so young an age. He arrived as the British Resident in the court of the Nizam in Hyderabad in 1795.The Muslim ruler was among the richest rulers in the world.
That the edit of God had a different way was true in the case of Kirkpatrick. Soon after landing in a fabulously rich Muslim kingdom, he had begun to develop a taste for Indian way of life, in particular, Muslim culture and customs. He did not lose time to give up his English culture and became obsessed with Muslim traditions. People around him, including his colleagues were aghast, because his British persona was taken over by the Indian persona.
Being a colonel with the British Company's army, Kirkpatrick had started wearing Mughal-style costumes at home, smoking a hookah with his friends and chewing betel nut or aracanut. His nautch (dancing girls) parties were popular and drew the attention of the people and the British officials. Kirkpatrick did not stop at it, he went one step ahead and maintained a small harem (house of girls) in his zenanakhana for fun and relaxation, befitting his covetous post. By this time, he became fluent in Hindustani and it helped him get in touch with the locals. He mainly moved with the rich and famous - the elite of the society at the parties.
|Khair-un-Nissa wife of James. 1805 painting.en.wikipedia.org/|
Until the end of autumn of 1801 his life was on a smooth course, when all of a sudden, questions were raised over Kirkpatrick's interracial nature of the marriage and his shedding of Brutishness in favor of Muslim culture.
Kirkpatrick, unfortunately, fell on hard time now when Lord Richard Wellesley became the Governor- General of India. Wellesley's relationship with the Nizam became soured and the rich ruler was reduced to the lower level. At Calcutta, Kirkpatrick had to face a barrage of questions about his conduct in the court of the Nizam and his liaisons with the Indians, belittling the British authority and culture. It was made into a big scandal. Later he was dismissed from the EIC's services on filmy grounds. Very much grief-stricken and upset, he died in Calcutta on October 15, 1805, leaving his wife Nissa and her son and a daughter. Soon they were taken to England under the care of their grandfather Colonel James Kirkpatrick. There their names were changed to William George Kirkpatrick and Katherine Aurora "Kitty"respectively after baptism at St. Mary’s Church, London. Their grand father died later. George, now married had three children and died very young in 1828. Kitty married captain James Winslowe Phillipps and had seven children by him. She died in Torquay, Devon, in 1889.
|Katherine Aurora Winsloe (Kirkpatrick),www.google.co.in|
on 22 September 1813 aged 27 in isolation.
Both Nissa and Kirkpatrick died with heavy heart and pangs of pain because of their races. Col. Kirkpatrick was really a hero and a trail blazer who tried to cross the divide between two different cultures and religions. This the pathetic story of these poor two souls from two different continents, who became the victims of a society that thrived on race and color. James became the first British to have married an Indian woman during the colonial rule.
|Koti Residency in Hyderabad, India. twitter.com|