A new Canadian guideline makes recommendation of body mass index measurement for both prevention and management and structured behavioral changes to help those who are overweight or obese to lose weight. The guideline will be useful for physicians and health care providers.
Obesity, world over, is a public health issue because it may lead to factors favorable for early onset of heart conditions, diabetes, cancer, arthritis and back pain. Prevention is better than cure, as the old wheeze says. The incidence of death was on the increase among obese patients. Obesity related deaths in Canadian adults has almost doubled since 1978, from 14% to 26%. More than two-thirds of men (67%) and more than half of women (54%) are obese in Canada. In India lately more and more people are becoming obese, a factor that has drawn the attention of health care researchers. More and more people opt for junk food, paying least attention to doctor's advice.
Adolescents with normal weight gradually gained body weight as they entered adulthood (about 0.5-1.0 kg every 2 years on average). This cumulative increase in body weight, in many cases, that goes unnoticed is significant as this may it may cause creeping health problems in the future. So it's imperative that management of even small weight gains is a must and should not be ignored.
Excess weight means growth of additional fat and blood veins, body mass, etc and now the heart has to put in extra work to compensate the weight gain.
1. Knowing of body mass and prevention
2. Proper health care advice to adolescents with normal and obese adult .
3. Recommendation of suitable programs for obese adults to prevent high risk of diabetes.
4. Restrictions on routine medications to prevent overweight.
Behavioral interventions for overweight and obesity require long-term commitment to change diet and physical activity habits, said Dr. Brett Thomas, a member of the Task Force. Sustained long term commitments, personal motivation, talk with weight loss patients are other factors that need to be seriously considered.
Overweight is preventable if one patiently follows experts' advice with respect to dietary habits and regular non-strenuous aerobic exercise regimen.
Paula Brauer, et al: Recommendations for prevention of weight gain and use of behavioral and pharmacological interventions to manage overweight and obesity in adults in primary care. CMAJ, January 2015 DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.140887