"Those who have conquered themselves…live in peace, alike in cold and heat, pleasure and pain, praise and blame…To such people a clod of dirt, a stone, and gold are the same…Because they are impartial, they rise to great heights".
........ Bhagavad Gita.
"Those who are too smart to engage in politics are punished by being governed by those who are dumber".
Muthuramalingam Thevar (30 October 1908 - 30 October 1963), also known as Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar, was an Indian political leader of great repute and is still being revered in South Tamil Nadu. He was a true nationalist and till his death patriotism was his hallmark. Every year "Thevar Jyanthi" is celebrated in his native place with dedication and devotion. Once a close associate of Subash Chandra Bose (January 1897 – 18 August 19450), an Indian nationalist and founder of Indian National Army. Mr. Thevar was no nonsense leader, a man of word, guts and wisdom. He was humble to his mistakes and at the same time never lost sight of others' mistakes and tried to get them corrected. A highly respected leader among other part leaders, he joined the All India Forward Bloc Party started by Bose and became the leader of the All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) in Tamil Nadu, and was national deputy chairman of the party from 1952 on wards. He was elected thrice to parliament.
|Thevar Ayya Statue. mukkulathormedia.blogspot.com|
|Thevar Ayya and Nethaji Bose. www.youtube.com|
|Sri. Muthu Ramalinga Thevar. devarsrini.blogspot.com|
In the 1937 election Congress came to power and Thevar won the election from Ramanathapuram constituency and his opponent was the Raja of Ramnad. Again. it was a disappointment for Thever, because the ministry headed by C.Rajagopala Chari failed to revoke the CTA.
At the national level, there were intra-Congress squabbles and in March 1939 in the 52 annual session of the Indian National Congress held in Tripuri, when Bose was forced to resign the presidency of Congress despite support from leaders like Thevar, Subbash Chandra Bose at last resigned the post and started the Forward Bloc on June 22, 1939. Sri Muthramalinga Thevar followed suit and joined the Forward Block Party. He was quite apprehensive, that the Congress party failed to revoke the Criminal Tribes Act (ACT). Lots of innocent tribal communities were classified under this act.
|Sri Thevar with Subbash Chandra Bose, http://www.sivagangaiseemai.com|
Sri Thevar whole heatedly supported the Temple Entry Authorization and Indemnity Act passed by the government of C. Rajagopalachari in 1939. Late Sri A. Vaidyanatha Iyer, a leading legal luminary in Madurai, Gandhian and close friend of Rajaji, on 8 July 1939 successfully entered the famous Madurai Meenkshi temple with a group of Dalits and Shanars. As Sri. Thevar gave a severe warning to those who opposed the temple entry by low caste people, the first event of this kind in Tamil Nadu went off without any protests from caste Hindus. They created history in their struggle against the untouchability in this nation. This shows how Mr. Thevar was solidly against the caste discrimination then prevalent in certain parts of Madras Presidency.
Mr. Thevar, then had begun to focus his attention on workers' union activities in the 1930s. His active participation in labor problems irked some of the factory owners and this led the government authorities to put a hold on his mobility and further involvement. Consequently he was jailed for 18 months at Tiruchirapalli. Till 1945 he had been frequently jailed under various pretexts and this invited widespread condemnation across his region. Sri Thevar was instrumental in reelecting K. Kamaraj as the President of TNCC. In the March 1946 Madras Presidency election Thevar won the election from his Muthkalathur constituency. In the same year Criminal tribes Act of 1871(CTA) was finally withdrawn. In 1948, the Forward Block became an opposition party and Sri Thevar became its undisputed leader. He held this covetous position for the rest of his life.When Nethaji Bose was found missing toward the late 1940s (while flying over South China Sea?), it was a severe blow for Thevar. Bose's body had never been found since then.
In 1952 nd 1957 elections Mr. Thevar won both the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections; indeed a great feat. Again in 1962, he was nominated for the lok Sabah election. Subsequently, because of his poor health, he could not function fully as a parliamentarian and on 30 October 1963, on this 55th birthday he expired.
The sterling quality of Sri Thevar was, being a had-core freedom fighter, he was a true nationalist and was against imperialism and communism. He never supported the idea of linguistic chauvinism, parochialism and separatism. He strongly believed in united India. Being a Hindu (lord Muruga, his favorite deity), following the path of dharma as enunciated in the Bagavat Geeta, he hated the atheist elements in this state.
|India 1995 – Pasumpon Muthuramalingam Thevar (Social Reformer) – Commemoration stamp |www.phila-art.com|