|On Kanchenjunga (Photo: courtesy Love Raj Singh Dharmshaktshyamgopan.wordpress.com|
|Mount Kanchenjunga. www.worldatlas.com|
It was in 1905 first international climbing attempt was made on Kangchenjunga and it proved to be futile as the team had to encounter the dangers of a snow avalanche. First attempt was made by a group of trail blazers and explorers in 1853. They could reach the top of a neighboring mountain - 19000 feet as the weather condition was so bad they had to give up their attempt. Thanks to better gear and technology and new techniques of mountaineering, on the Kangchenjunga expedition, the fatality rate has come down recently. Death rates since the 1990s have reached as high as 22 percent. Only 187 climbers have summited Kangchenjunga.
Kangchenjunga also spelled Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain in the world, lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India; altitude: 8,586 m (28,169 ft) above MSL. It is about 128 km (80 mi) east of Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world.
Kangchenjunga is the second highest mountain of the Himalayas after Mount Everest and the highest mountain in India. The easternmost part of the mountains is higher than 8,000 m (26,000 ft) than other areas. Tagged as "Five Treasures of Snow "after its five high peaks, people living in Sikkim and eastern part of W. Bengal Darjeeling attach divinity and worship them.
With the advent of The Great Trigonometrical Survey of India established at the initiative of George Everest under colonial rule in 1849, it was concluded with firm support from the geodetic survey that Mount Everest, known as Peak XV at the time, was the highest. Upon further verification of all calculations, it was officially declared in 1856 that Mt. Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world. Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was considered to be the highest mountain in the world.
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Kangchenjunga is the official spelling first adopted by Douglas Freshfield, A. M. Kellas, and the Royal Geographical Society and it has Tibetan roots, meaning "The five treasures of the high snow" Local Lhopo people believe that the treasures like gold precious stones, sacred scriptures, invincible armor or ammunition, grain and medicine are hidden in these peaks and only a devout could lay his arms on them when the world is facing doom.
The Mt. Kangchenjunga has geographically a complex terrain and its trans-boundary landscape is shared by Bhutan, China, India and Nepal. It en composes 14 protected areas with a total of 6,032 km2 (2,329 sq mi). Snow leopard, Asian black bear, red panda, white-bellied musk deer, blood pheasant and chestnut-breasted partridge have protected habitats.
First winter ascent was made on 11 January 1986 by Jerzy Kukuczka and Krzysztof Wielicki).