|Mahakaleshwar, Ujjain, MP. www.mouthshut.com|
|.mahakaleshwar, Ujjain, MP. www.indianmirror.com|
Great Tamil Shivait saints Tiru Gnana Sambandar, Sundarar, Tiru Navukkarasar in the Tevaram divine hymns refer this shrine to the same as Tiru oonjai Maakalam, oonjai is the Tamil name for Ujjain in those days. So, in the 7th century CE itself this temple was well known across India.
|Mahakal Temple Ujjain at Ujjain Madhya Pradesh, Indiaen.wikipedia.org/|
Each of the twelve jyotirlinga sites takes the name of the presiding deity. Of the famous shrines such as Somnath in Gujarat, Kedarnath in the Himalayas, Viswanath at Varanasi in UP Rameshwar at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, Mahakaleswar at Ujjain is a popular pilgrimage center.
The idol of Mahakaleshwar is referred to as Dakshinamurti, as he is facing the south. The idols of Ganesh, Parvati and Karttikeya are in the west, north and east of the sanctum sanctorum respectively. The Nandi is to the south and the idol of Omkareshwar Mahadev in the sanctum is above the Mahakal shrine. This was done as per temple Sastras. In this five-storied structure, only on the day of Nag Panchami, the Nagchandreshwar shrine on the third floor is open for darshan. . The temple tower is beautifully adorned and the big court yard and the massive walls with an adjacent lake enhance the majesty of this unique temple. There is a sanctum in the under ground as well which is lit with brass lamps.
The temple of Mahakaleshwar, with its sky-piercing ornamental tower offers an awe-inspiring sight. Shiva's eternal bliss in this place of veneration is felt near the vicinity of this temple. Hence this temple and the presiding deity Shiva, the cosmic dancer, who assumes the form of a huge column of fire here, dominates the lives of the people here. Here they come for his blessing with humility and humbleness. The shrine of Shiva is not for the hot headed dishonest people who deviate from the path of Dharma and their commitment to duty.
Maha Shivaratri, is celebrated on a grand scale and the worship continues through out night. A huge fair is held near the temple. Shri Swapaneshwar Mahadev temple, on this temple premises is unique. He blesses the people to make their dreams become a reality. Mind you only your good dreams. He positively helps the hardworking people to achieve their goals.
This temple is one of the most visited places of worship in this region.
.. During the raid on Ujjain by Delhi Sultan Shas-ud-din Iltutmish in 1234-5, the temple was razed to the ground.
.. Srimant Peshwa Baji Rao and Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj of the Hindu Pad Padshahi---Srimant Raanojirao Shinde Maharaj (Scindia) in 1736 rebuilt the temple for the benefit of the local people.
.. Madhavrao Shinde the First (1730–12 February 1794) and Srimant Maharani Bayzabai Raje Shinde (1827–1863) made additional constructions.