Thursday, 11 August 2016

Kanpur Memorial Church (1875) in memory of the British


Kanpur Memorial Church 1875, Kanpur, India. www.tripadvisor.in
Kanpur Mem.Church built in honor of those who were killed,1875. www.trodly.com/
Kanpur Memorial Church in Kanpur, built in 1875 in honor of those  British who lost their lives during the ‘Siege of Cawnpore’(Kanpur) is situated on Albert Lane near ‘Cawnpore Club’ in Kanpur Cantonment.  The Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 was sweeping across the northern states much like multiple tornadoes and there were pitched battles between the rebels (mostly Indian soldiers) and the EIC troops at several places. The main reasons were racial discrimination in the army, poor salary and too much interference in their religious matter. On top of all these, the  East India officials took away several kingdoms in a dishonest manner, besides insulting the well-known Indian rulers. who became almost broke. The simmering resentment that had been there for some time slowly culminated into a big rebellion. Unfortunately, the Indians in a rage killed numerous English people, including children and women in some places. They never showed any mercy whatsoever. 
edmontonjournal.com
This Church was designed by one Walter Granville, an architect of the East Bengal Railway and this Memorial Church is often referred to as  "All Soul's Cathedral" apparently meaning the departed souls who lost their lives during the worst rebellion in the history of the British history. 

The Church is built in a Lombardy Gothic style. The bright red bricks with polychrome dressings and beautifully stained glass windows complement the impressive appearance of this church. In the interior, one could see monuments to the victims of the mutiny, including several memorial tablets. The memoirs in the church relate to the rebellion and are truly heart-wrenching.  The Memorial Garden can be approached through two gateways separated from the main building by a nicely carved Gothic screen. This eye-catching Gothic screen was designed by one Henry Yule. Occupied in the center is the beautifully carved figure of an angle by Baron Carlo Marochetti, representing the "Symbol of Peace".
www.cartoonwork.com
Kanpur Memorial Church's Cemetery has a number of graves from the late 19th century with well-decorated memorial tablets. The Memorials were relocated here after independence in 1948. The Military Cemetery on the edge of the cantonment has a number of graves with interesting epitaphs from the late 19th century.
Nana Sahib,Maratha,warrior, brain behind the"Cawnpore massacre", peperonity.com

Though there are different versions about the massacre in Kanpur during the Sepoy mutiny, Nana Shahib, a  Maratha aristocrat and a close ally of the British once, was held responsible for the killing of numerous white people, including children and women. The mutineers laid siege to the barrack residential quarters of the European officers and their families.

Many historians say this rare incident of the massacre of Europeans was blown out of proportion by the EIC officials and the British newspapers went along with the English officers of the EIC and manipulated the incidents so as to win the sympathy of the people back home. Anyway, "Cawnpore massacre" is yet another part of the British-Indian history and well propped up by the British, relegating their atrocities on the Indian natives to the backstage.


Ref:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanpur_Memorial_Church