|Maharaja Duleep Singh.themystery2012.blogspot.com|
The history of Kohinoor is highly complicated, further compounded by stories of dreadful curses and horrors. With exceptions, none of the owners had a natural death, it was violent end of their lives. Nor did they have quiet and peaceful life to talk about. Including the British crown , every body had more losses than gains. After the possession of Kohinoor, the British empire crumpled and now England is back to where they are - something like a baseball shrinking to the size of a marble!! The British Royal family members had and now have their own woes, confined to the four walls of their palace. As for the early owner Maharajah Ranjit Singh and his heirs, they lost the kingdom to the EIC.
About the process of reclaiming the Kohinoor by India, the British author says, considering the involvement of so many countries, in the backdrop of highly complicated history 'there is not much progress to be made by such a move'. Kohinoor is the symbol of British looting. History of the diamond being complex and messy because of several cross border historical events, nothing is going to be gained by demanding retribution.
India has lots of problems up to her neck. Why does India need the cursed diamond back? It is superstitious or not, it is roughly equal to resurrecting the ghost of Kohinoor from the undisturbed grave. If our honest politicians act effectively and see to it that our natural resources are not looted by perverted, arrogant politicians and corrupt government officials, with the money saved, we can buy so many Kohinoor diamonds and find a pride place in this world. Let the Indian government get rid of those officials who follow the foot steps of Robert Clive of the East India company, the cleverest man in the British history.
.. Kohinoor diamond was mined at Kollur mines (in Guntur district) and owned by the rulers of the Hindu Kakatiya dynasty of S. India in the 13th century.
.. In the early 14th century, Alauddin Khilji, second ruler of the Turkic Khilji dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate got the diamond from S. India during raids led by Malik Kafur, a Hindu convert and homosexual.
.. Kohinoor was taken to Iran after 1739 invasion of Delhi by Nader Shah, the ruler of Iran during the reign of the Mogul ruler Muhammad Shah (the Battle of Karnal on 24 February, 1739)
.. After the assassination of Nader Shah in 1747 and the collapse of his empire, the stone changed hands and came into the hands of one of his generals, Ahmad Shah Durrani
.. Shujah overthrown by his predecessor, Mahmud Shah, fled with the diamond to Lahore. The the Sikh ruler, Maharajah Ranjit Singh, in return for his hospitality got the diamond from Shujah in 1813.
.. The new owner, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, willed the diamond to the Hindu temple of Jagannath in Puri, now in Odisha, India. Unfortunately, after his death in 1839, the East India Company did not execute his will and on 29 March, 1849, after the end of f the Second Anglo-Sikh War, the Kingdom of Punjab was formally annexed to British India, and the Last Treaty of Lahore was signed, officially, ceding the Koh-i-Noor to Queen Victoria and the Maharaja's other assets to the company. Lord Dalhousie was instrumental in getting the diamond as gift to Queen Victoria from young Raja Duleep Singh.
..The diamond was handed to Queen Victoria in July 1850
The ruby weighs 352.5 carats and until 1851, it was the largest ruby
of the world. The gemstone took its name after the great Asian conquer
.. As part of the Lahore Treaty the British, besides Kohinoor diamond, also received the largest Ruby in the world (weighing 352.5 carats) called 'Timur ruby' from the royal members of Punjab Maharajah. It is is an unfaceted, 361- carat polished red spinel gemstone set in a necklace in 1853, now part of the British Crown Jewels. It is named after the ruler Timur. It was believed to be a ruby until 1851. It is inscribed with the names and dates of six of its previous owners. Maharaja Ranjit took its possession from