|Royapuram railway station.spritualtraveller.blogspot.com|
|Royarpuram railway station - South India's first station. www.chennaimemes.in|
Metaled roads were built under the administration of Lord Wellesley . They served as supply routes to the various military stations to deal with emergency or war-like situations. Much emphasis was given to NE India that was poorly developed. In order to have their hold tight on the southern regions, various kinds of transportation were given importance and later implemented. which also served as a military supply route. In the southeast,
In the 1800s, realizing the need for the continuous supply of cotton from cotton plantation areas scattered across India to mills in Manchester, England and transport of coal from in land coal fields of Bengal and other areas, railways were introduced in India. It opened up an era of industrialization and growth of economy. This resulted in the growth of railroads on a much larger scale for the first time. With the introduction of railways, India's inland coal fields which had not yet been exploited fully, transportation of coal to distant areas became a necessity and this led to marked improvements in railway construction works. The advantage the English had was, easy transport of large military equipment and troops across the vast land. In 1855, train ran about 120 miles from Hooghly to the Raniganj coalfield on the first ever built tracks in this part of India. A British engineer, Robert Maitland Brereton, was responsible for the expansion of the railways from 1857 on wards.
|First passenger train. april 1853. india linkis.com|
In the 1840s the first proposals for railways in India were much debated in Great Britain and they were supported by banks, traders, shipping companies etc., through lobbying. Realizing the potential for growth and enormous profit, the English investors wanted the British Parliament to create a 'Guarantee System' by which any railway company in India was guaranteed a certain rate of interest on its capital investment. This guarantee was to be honored by the East India Company which then controlled large parts of India. Dubbed as Guaranteed Railways, they were assured of 5% annual return, and they had the right to pull out of the venture, if need be, and get reasonable compensation from the government at any time. To encourage the investors in the Indian Railways, Guarantee System acted as a catalyst for the business people. It was during Lord Dalhousie’s time that on April 16, 1853 at 3:35pm a train with 14 railway carriages and 400 guests left Bombay’s Bori Bunder for Thane, with a 21-gun salute. The deubt train was hauled by three locomotives called Sindh, Sultan, and Sahib. This 75 minutes journey, covering a distance of around 21 miles was the first ever passenger train service of the Indian Railway that embarked on era of growth and mass transport, culminating in the development of industries, etc. Great Indian Peninsula Railway (privately owned; Jeejeebhoy and Shankarsheth were the only two Indians among the ten directors of the GIP railways) was the main operator.
|april, 1853-first train run in India.indiatoday.intoday.in|
The growth of the rail network had a positive impact on India's progress and population. It considerably decreased the impact of famine in India. According to Robin Burgess and Dave Donaldson, "the ability of rainfall shortages to cause famine disappeared almost completely after the arrival of railroads."
The first-ever electric train in India also ran on February 3, 1925 from Bombay VT to Kurla, a distance of 16 km along the city’s harbor route.
The first train in South India began operating in June, 1856 from Royapuram (Chennai suburb) railway station. The station also remained the headquarters of the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway till 1922, when the headquarters was shifted to Egmore.
At Royapuram railway station second railway line work was commenced in 1853. The idea of a railway in South India long predated any other railway lines in the Indian Subcontinent when a railway line for Madras was proposed in 1832
In 1853 and the railway line was extended from Royapuram (Madras) to Arcot, then titular capital of the Nawab of the Carnatic (the present day Walajapet, near Ranipet in Tamil Nadu).
Royapuram was selected as the location for the new station as it was near the settlement of British traders and natives near Fort St. George. Since then, Royapuram had been the only railway station in the city for about 17 years till Madras Central Station became functional in 1873.