|Chandragiri fort, Andhra. www.goroadtrip.com|
|Raja Mahal, Chandragiri. en.wikipedia.org|
The historical Chandagiri fort, built on the 183 meter high hill, is one of the rare oldest forts in India. Chandragiri is a village in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. This 1000 year old fort was under the control Yadvarayas for three centuries and they built the place as barricades and ramparts to safeguard them against raids from other rulers. The fort was seized by the rulers of Vijayanagara in 1367 as it became a powerful kingdom in that region. Vijanagara rulers were great builders and obviously they built impressive buildings and temples, Consequently the area of the fort was also expanded. The Vijayanagara Dynasty made valuable contribution in literature and art and they encouraged scholars, poets and artists.Their kingdom saw expansion all around, particularly as far south as Thanjavuur and Madurai in Tamil Nadu where their resident representatives were Naiyaks. Vijayanagara gained popularity during the reign of Saluva Narasimha Rayalu. Chandragiri was the 4th capital of Vijayanagar Empire. Because of frequents threats from the Golconda Sultan, Rayas shifted their capital from Penukonda to this place here.
Chandragiri fort witnessed several seesaw battles among the local rulers to control over the area. In 1646, it became part of the Golconda territory under the Sultan. Later the ruler of Mysore took control till 1792. After that the fort was never occupied and there is a big hiatus. Nothing is left of this once famous fort where, it is believed, the most popular ruler Sri Krishnadeva Raya grew up.