|UNESCO heritage monument, Thanjavur Brehadeswar (Perudiyar)temple, Tamil nadu, puja.co.in|
|Thanjavur big temple, India imgur.com|
The following are the answers to the various prevailing myths that need further research:
Myth 01. The temple tower, etc is not made of hard rocks:
The entire tall tower (Gopuram), which is about 216 feet from the ground to the top, is not made of ordinary stone, but of granite and granite related rocks. The oldest rocks, geologically speaking, belong to the Archean group of rocks, roughly three billion years old and have been in existence since the formation of the Earth
Myth 02: Rocks used in the big temple were locally mined:
The granites used in the big temple are not in situ rocks - rocks available here. As a matter of fact, the entire Delta districts Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagapatnam (once they formed the composite district of Tanjore or Thanjavur) do not have any outcrops of hard rocks such as granite or Diorite and other related rocks. The delta region has a net work of various rivers that drain into the Bay of Bengal
Myth 03: Did the rocks come from far of places?
Granite used by the Chola ruler were mined most probably near Thiruverambur or elsewhere in Tiruchirapally district about to 30 km west of Thanjavur. Some historians say the other possible destination was Perambalur.
Myth 04: If rocks were not available locally, how did the builders bring the huge granite blocks of different sizes from other far off places 1000 years ago?
|Big temple, Thanjavur. Hard rocks with holes for splitting. www.quora.com/|
|Building of Thanjavur big temple. Tranasportation of rock blocks. haribhakt.com/|
|Hollow tower above sanctum, Brahadeshwar temple,Thanjavur,TN www.quora.com|
|Thanjavur Big temple tower, hollow inner part narrowing upward kingharibhakt.com|
|The corridor in big temple - Thanjavurwww.holidayiq.com|
Myth 05: What about mode of transportation?
The ingenious designers and builders, in all probability, might have laid a wide, strong extremely well compacted (metaled?) all-weather roads that could withstand frequent transportation of heavy granite blocks.
Myth 06: The entire tower structure is solid and is made of granite of different sizes with a broad base.
|The Thanjavur big temple inner view of the tower,.www.quora.com|
|Hollow core. Thanjavur Big temple.Quora|
Myth 07: Is the dome atop the tall temple tower made of one huge block of rock?
|The Big Temple Dome. bulls at (four) corners Tanjore, alphadevi7.aminus3.com|
|Big temple, thanjavur, Nandi ato the tower. HariBhakt.com|
That, the dome or Cupola atop the tower is monolithic, is not true. Considering its weight, whopping 80 tons and the carved features, etc, it is impossible to take the huge stone atop the sigara that is about 200 feet tall through an inclined ramp because of the force of variable angular momentum. Actually the cupola is made of 4 pieces or parts and each one was taken to the top of the sigara one by one through a series of ramps and platforms and they were put together carefully atop the tower in such a way that the joint is not visible.
Myth 08: The stone carving of a European head with a hat on the northern side of the temple tower near the eastern corner roughly 60 to 70 feet from the ground level!!
|Big temple, a European head with a hat on the tower? .kavirimainthan.wordpress.com|
Myth 09: The huge sacred bull, Nandi, Easwara's mount is not carved out of one huge stone.
|Thanjavur Brihadeeswarar Temple Big Nandi Mantap. myjourneysinindia.blogspot.com|
|Nandi, Bull,monolithic stone, Big temple.Thanajavur, imgur.com/g|
Myth10: How did the builders bring the huge rock block from a far off place?
As mentioned earlier, the required stone of particular size was mined from the granite quarry, most probably near the road side, using chisels and controlled explosions with the help of some kind of gun powder. Then it was mounted on a huge sturdy cart drawn by one or a pair of elephants. At the construction site, the Nandi was sculptured by expert sculptors, using several chisels for delicate artistic work. If you look at the very young bull in the front, you can notice how carefully and in a realistic manner, the skilled workers chiseled the teeth and the series of small bells round the bull's neck.
Myth 11: Is it true that the temple tower does not cast a shadow on the ground?
The temple tower does throw the shadow, but it creates the impression that it is not. The reason being the cascading style of placing the successive layers of rock stones round the tower. The shadow of the top structures, falls on the flat part of nest ones downward