|Daulatabad Fort,near Aurangbad. Mendha Tope - Canon with the rear end shaped like ram's head. second largest canon in India.www.aurangabad.com|
It was artillery that had a major role in the establishment of the Mogul Empire and their subsequent victories in various battles. In the First Battle of Panipat of 1526 under the successful guidance of Ottoman gun master Ustad Ali Quli,
|Elephants pushing canons drawn by bullocks.en.wikipedia.org/wiki|
The main bottleneck in the use of artillery in the battle field was transportation. Transporting heavy canons across a variety of terrains was a tough one. Mostly sturdy bulls and elephants were employed for this purpose. During the reign of Akbar much improvements were made in the use of cannons.
The 12th century Daulatabad Fort, near Aurangabad, Maharastra on a hill built by Yadav general Raja Bhillamra, is one of the strongest forts in India controlled by many dynasties over a period of time. Initially it was under the Yadav Dynasty and previously Daulatabad was known as Devagiri or Deogiri. By 1633 it came under the Mogul rule. Aurangazeb took control of the fort and during his period he had a huge canon installed to improve its defense. It is called ''Mendha Tope.'' In Marathi it means Rams' head because the canon's rear end was shaped like Ram's head. Visitors may be wondering if there is any link between the emperor and the Ram's head that too on the rear side of a canon.
|Daulatabad fort, Aurangabad.www.ixigo.com|
|Mendha Tope - canon at Daulatabad Fort.www.cityshor.com|