|Mishkal Mosque, Kozhikode, Kerala www.tripadvisor.in|
|The Mishkal mosque,Kozhikode.www.frontline.in|
Above image: The Mishkal mosque,Kozhikode, India built in the architectural tradition of the Chera country by the Arab.
The Mishkal Mosque, Kuttichira, Kozhikode is one of the oldest mosque in Malabar built by a rich Arab merchant and ship owner from Yeman, Nakhooda Mishkal, in the 14th century. Considered as one of the historical and cultural monuments of Kerala, this unique old mosque does not possess any of the features normally associated with a mosque. There are no minarets, no cupolas and lots of wood went into the constriction as Kerala has vast wooded areas where lumber is easily available.
With the arrival of Vasco De Gama and his entourage from, Lisbon, Portugal on the Kappad beach near Kozhikode (Calicut) on May 14, 1498, the peace and tranquility became the first casualty. On his second trip in search of spices, Gama had a tough stand against the natives and their Zamorin ruler and inflicted cruelty upon the local maritime traders mostly Arabs. Dom Francisco de Almeida became the Portuguese Viceroy of India later and after the arrival of Afonso de Albuquerque at Cannanore in December, 1508 the trouble had begun. In 1510 AD, the Portuguese traders, who already developed trading post in Goa, West India, had attacked the mosque and partially destroyed it with an intention to driving a wedge between the majority Hindu and minority Muslim population to establish their trade monopoly. The ruler being secular and unbiased, carried out the repairs on the mosque . However, the structure had lost one floor. Originally the mosque was built using local artisans.
The four storied mosque has a big hall supported by 27 carved pillars and can accommodate about 400 worshipers. The prayer hall, considering the tropical condition of the region, is well ventilated with mihrab-style doors for the comforts of the people inside the building. There are as many as 47 doors. There is a tank on the premises called Kuttichara tank. In 2014 the state Government of Kerala provided Rs.45 lakhs for additional improvements and facilities for tourists and the face lift of the adjoining tank. This 650 plus year old mosque saw some major renovation work a few years ago fully funded by ONGC, a Central government organization.
Kozhikode is an important city on the Malabar coast and is well connected by railways and roads. There are lots of tourist spots in the surrounding places. It is also an important Islamic center in Kerala