|Sri Ranganathar Swamy Temple - Srirangam.gnanasekar71289.blogspot.com|
|Rajagopuram (Main tower),post 1987.en.wikipedia.org/|
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, located on the island of of Srirangam, a part of Thiruchirapalli Municipal corporation, Tamil Nadu is the most important pilgrimage center in India for Vaisnavites. Bounded by two rivers of Cauvery and Kollidam (a tributary of Cauvery), this temple is in a serene and placid place and is being visited by thousands of people a day. The presiding deities are Sri Ranganatha Swamy and his divine consort Sri. Ranganayaki Thayyar.
Permanent Delegation of India to UNESCO in April, 2014 submitted a proposal with details to declare this temple as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Some important facts mentioned in the proposal are as follows:
01. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the Temple Complex covers over 156 acres (63.131 hectares), thus making it the largest 'Functioning Temple' in the World and is often ranked amongst the largest religious complexes of the world, including the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet, Angkor Wat in Cambodia, Borobodur in Indonesia, Machu Picchu in Peru and the Vatican City, in Italy.
|1000 Pillar in Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple.www.justknow.in|
|Sri Ranganatha swamy Temple,Srirangam.Hall of 1000 pillars with sculptures of riding horsesen.wikipedia.org/wiki|
04. This pilgrimage center is adored, revered and extolled by a diversity of religious and linguistic groups across the nation periodically.
05. A well-planned temple town with continuous human activity. An outstanding architectural wonder with a wide range of sculptures, ornate pillars, artistically made huge stone images. The temple complex is a master piece of human creation and ingenuity. The scale and size of the complex is quite unprecedented and mind-boggling, making it the largest functioning temple complex in the world. In terms of size, Srirangam temple complex, with over 60 hectares, is larger than Vatican city - an area of 44 hectares, Borobodur - 0.25 hectares and Potala Palace ( Lhasa, Tibet) - over 13 hectares. Where as Angkor Wat Archaeological Park spreads over 40,000 hectares, but the main temple complex’s rectangular outer enclosure wall measures 1024m x 802 m, making it an area of 82.125 hectare and the largest temple complex in the world. Unlike Angkor Wat, this unique temple has a continuous living traditions lasting several centuries.
06.The Vaishnava cultural tradition has been continuously maintained since 1st Century CE and the temple is the center of Tamil Culture
07. Srirangam is a 'Pragaram-based big temple town''.
Some additional interesting facts:
|Swargha Vaasal (heaven's gate).Sacred door, Sri Ranganathaswamy Hindu Temple, Srirangam, .www.diomedia.com|
02. The Hall of 1000 pillars (actually 953) is a fine fine piece of architecture. It is a well planned theater-like structure and opposite to it is the "Sesha Mandap". The 1000-pillared hall made of granite stone was built during the Vijayanagara period (1336–1565). During the recent renovation this year, Yagasala was established here in this mandapam.
03. The Garuda Madapa (hall of the legendary bird, mount of Vishnu, Garuda: eagle) located on the south side of the third enclosure is another Nayak contribution. The Garuda image is a huge one facing the main shrine. The Kili mandapa (Hall of parrot) is located next to the Ranganatha shrine, in the first enclosure of the temple.
04. The 237 feet (73 meter) high 13 - tiered Rajagopuram ( consecrated on 25 March, 1987) was built in 1987 at the initiative of the 44th Jeer (saint) of the Ahobila Mutt, despite his age. The expenses were met by way of public subscriptions, private donations, money from state governments, etc., and the massive tower dominates the landscape and skyline for miles around, while the remaining 20 gopurams were built between the 14th and 17th century.
|Base of Rjagopuram, prior to 1987. 400 years tower was not built.en.wikipedia.org/wiki|
06. Saint Sri Ramanujar, theologian, philosopher and expounder of Viśiṣṭādvaita philosophy of Hinduism, attained divinity in Srirangam. His Thaan-ana Thirumeni (the symbolic body) is preserved by applying saffron and camphor every six months in a ritualistic style. Prayers are offered even today after eight centuries. His shrine is found in the fourth prakaram (outer courtyard) of the temple.
07. Pancharanga Kshetrams (also called Pancharangams, meaning the "five Rangams or Ranganathas") is referred to a group of five sacred Hindu temples, dedicated to Ranganatha, a form of the god Vishnu. The five Pancharanga Kshetrams in the order of their successive locations, on the banks of the Kaveri River : Srirangapatnam : Adi Ranga; Srirangam :Adya Ranga; the other places are Koviladi at Tiurppernagar, Mayiladuthurai and Vatarangam at Sirkazhi. The Sarangapani temple at Kumbakonam.
08. The temple is enclosed by 7 long prakarams or outer courtyards. These concentric walls or mathil suvar in local language) cover a total length of 32,592 feet or over six miles.