|Srirangam Ranganatha Swamy .srirangaminfo.com|
|Srirangam Ranganatha Swamy samproskshanam,nov. 2015 .thehindu.com|
|The 'Yagasalai'-first phase.'samproskshanamon Sept. 9. .thehindu.com|
Srirangam 1i towers and 43 Sannadhi Samprokshanam. www.anudinam.org
Holy water being poured on the 'Ranga Vimanam' Sri Ranganathar temple nov.18,2015..thehindu.com.
|Sri Ranganathar temple.srirangaminfo.com|
Maha Samrakshanam or Kumbabisekam is a time- consuming, tedious but essential process of renovating Hindu temples - both Saivite and Vaishnavite shrines periodically. The complex process starts with major repair works, white washing, painting of deities or images on the towers/shrines, inside the temple, etc in the first phase followed by the set-up of spacious Yagasala with agni (holy) fire kundams (fire pits) in the precinct of the temple. The next phase consists of conducting a sequence of yagasala rituals before agni kundams and pots filled with water brought for this specific purpose. The rituals are divided into segments called 'kaala'(time) and each kaala yagasala pooja is done to propitiate a particular divine power. Trained Pundits, well versed in temple Agama Sastra mantras, chant relevant mantras in Sanskrit appropriate to gods and purposes. Finally toward the end after the yagasala pooja formalities, Pandits (Bhattacharyas), divided in to groups, proceed to the top of the specific shrines or towers and at the per-determined time, do pooja again and on the kalasas (metal pot) sprinkle purified holy water in the pots earmarked for that particular tower/ shrine taken from the yagasala. In the case of Saivite temples, the same process is referred to as 'Kumbabisekam', and the water in the kalasas (alloyed metal pots atop the shrines or towers) is emptied and filled in with new sanctified holy water from pots kept in the yagasala by the Shivacharyas who do the same rituals mentioned above. The great important temple event Maha Samrakshanam or Kumbabisekam is a spiritual rejuvenation of the place of worship to retain its sanctity and divinity for the benefit of the people and the region. The spiritual sanctity of a Hindu temple has to be retained continuously for generations in order to preserve the divinity of the place of veneration.
|Srirangam Ranganatha Swamy .srirangaminfo.com|
Tradition has it that such grand event Maha Samrakshanam or Kumbabisekam is supposed to take place every 12 years or 24 years. Normally it is done on completion of 12 years. But, because of financial constraints, and lack of enthusiasm on the part of state government that manages the temple, this important temple event gets delayed beyond the stipulated 12 year period. For small temples, expenses are met with by way of public subscriptions, donations, etc.
|Srirangam Ranganatha Swamy.srirangaminfo.com|
The temple Agama Sastras vary with respect to renovation among temples that follow prescribed time-bound traditions. Sri Ranganathar temple at Srirangam follows the ''Parameswara Samhita'' of Pachratra Agama, while other temples follow ''Iswara Samhita'' and ''Jayakya Samhita'', depending on the the tradition set by the temple experts. Yagasala pooja starts with propitiation of god Soman in the first kaala pooja for the welfare of the society, copious rain, enough yield of grains, etc. Other rituals, in the first phase include, invocation of natural elements, picking up sacred earth and raising of navadhanyam (paalikai/nine grams). They are referred to as ''Mryutsabgrahanam'' and ''Angurapanam.'' Following this is ''Sukthi Karya'' - sprinkling of ''Pancha Kavya'', ''Parthi Agni Karyam'', a process of purification of the area by holding burning Dharba grass. Kalakarshnam consists of invoking of a particular god in the sacred pot by chanting a series of complex mantras. After the propitiation of protective god in the pot, Avahana is undertaken, Chhathurdana Archna is done for dwara, kamba, mandala and agni sthanas. The final phase includes choosing pradhna kundam for Maha Samrakshanam or Kumbabisekam. The above-mentioned tasks take lots of time and a host of Vaithigals (pundits), quite conversant with such difficult and complicated rituals do it before sanctified agni (holy fire) in the agnikundam. Once the great event is over, the Yagasala is closed reverentially. The final phase and the concluding one took place on the 18th November, while the first phase of temple rituals concluded on September 9th, 2015 itself.
|Srirangam temple.'samproskshanam ,nov. 2015 eenaduindia.com|
The Yagasala was set-up in the 1000 pillar mandapam (hall) and numerous kalasams were established for Perumal shirne , Rajagopuram and pranavahara Vimanam. A separate Yagasala and kundams were built on the premises of Thayyar shrine while the Vedic rituals were in progress. Eight kaala pooja was done with sincere devotion involving score of pundits. In the sanctums additional rituals were conducted as part of Bhimha Shuddhi. On suceessful completion of 4th kaala poojaspecial pooja was done for deities, Rajagopuram and pranavakara vimanam called Saapana thirumanjanam. Mahapoornahuthi was done after the eight kaala pooja, followed by revival of kalasam and deities-kumbha Uttpapanam at auspicious time, With the performance of aavahana teertham by way of prokshanam or sprinkling of the holy water on the kalasas, Kumbabisekam or Samrakshanam came to an end after taking 'Mangala Aarthi' before each deity in the shrines, including primary deities Sri Raganathar and Thayyar Ranganayaki. The next grand event will be after a decade. So, it is a continuous and periodical process of spiritual revival and reawakening of place of worship for the progeny as well.
Because of Samrakshanam, the temple authorities on the same day itself arranged for a special darshan of Sri.Ranganatha Swamy, Ranganayaki Thayyar and other deities after 2 pm.
Sri Ranganatha Swamy temple complex is a huge one, covering about 156 acres with 18 towers (gopuram), 48 sub-shrines and seven prakarams (wide corridors). Undertaking of maintenance, painting and other works as part of renovation of a mammoth temple complex is an Herculean task, involving a large sum of money, skilled men and others. The honorable CM of Tamil Nadu Ms. Jayalalityha, pious as she is, took particular interest in successful completion of Maha Samrakshanam with ample cooperation from her officials.
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