Friday, 2 October 2015

King George V 's hunting binge in Nepal (1911)

George V'-howdah( left)-39 tigers killed in this hunt.www.oldindianphotos.in

 
Full-length portrait in oils of George V.en.wikipedia.org

39 tigers killed.George V(centre howdah),ruler of Nepal  (left howdah). www.oldindianphotos.i
George V takes note;3-4 tigers and a bear;. www.oldindianphotos.in

George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 - 20 January 1936), second son  of  Albert Edward,  Prince  of  Wales  (later King Edward VII), was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936. Right from the beginning he had a close relationship with his father King Edward VII who wanted George to learn every thing about management, and administration of  a vast kingdom including civilian and military affairs. He was the only Emperor of India to be present at his own Delhi Durbar which  took place at a Durbar in Delhi on 12 December 1911.

As George was very passionate about hunting wild animals, on the side lines of  Delhi  Durbar, a hunting trip  had been arranged in Nepal at the invitation of Maharajah of Napal - Maharajah Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Prime Minister and ruler of Nepal from 1901-1929.  Previously George visited India as prince of Wales and a hunting trip in Nepal was scheduled. But, unfortunately it was canceled   due to sudden outbreak of  cholera in the region. Despite his tight engagements in India, King George V was looking forward to spending as much time as possible in big-game shooting in the wooded areas of  Nepal.

George V, Maharajah &, Nepali soldiers and shikaries.www. oldindianphotos.in
image credit: SlidePlayer
18 rhinos killed.George V(right howdah), ruler of Nepal.www.oldindianphotos.in

www.alamy.com

The Tarai region of Nepal is a narrow strip of flat land, part of the Gangetic plains - the southern part is quite fertile, whereas the northern portion is marshy and rich in wild life.  From 1846 to 1951 this area was used as a hunting ground by the rulers of Nepal. The wooded area is home to  tigers. leopards, Gaurs (wild ox), occasional elephants and buffalo, and varieties  of  deer. The Lesser Rapti Valley, in the Chitawan district, is well known for  Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicorns). Today Royal Chitwan National Park  is a Natural World Heritage Site.

gift from Nepal ruler to King George V. 70 varieties, www.oldindianphotos.in
 head of a slain rhinos. 18 rhinos killed in this hunt.www.oldindianphotos.in
image credit:Punch - PhotoShelter
Th British king traveled up to  a place called Bhikna Thori in India near the Nepali border by train. From the border he and his entourage traveled  nearly 20 km by motor car. The hunting group mounted on the trained elephants  and headed into the deeper part of the valley of the Rui River, King George was in the howdah and opened his account by shooting a tiger who tried to cross the stream.  First day score was  four tigers and three rhinoceros. Next five days the British royals and their counter parts in Nepal camped  at Sukhibar, close to Rapti river. The entourage  on 23 December moved farther  and  camped at Kasara. The Maharajah had a separate camp along the river and his party  included 14,000 people including 2000 elephant attendants. At a special service called  ''Divine Service'' on 24, December, 1911, the Maharajah presented the King with a collection of over seventy varieties of animals indigenous to Nepal, including bears.

Following day a special technique called 'ring 'was used for hunting with 600 elephants.  The shikaries (hunters) employ an army of beaters for a few days prior to hunting to drive the animals  to selected areas in the game reserve. They select numerous points for hunting. Using goats  as a bait, they observe the movement of wild animals; if a wild animal - tiger or leopard is sighted it will be uniformly encircled by numerous elephants. They go for the kill only when every thing is ok.  

The king had a field day on the last day 28 December 1911. The total score of animals yielded during the hunting trip in Nepal  was quite mind-boggling, considering our present day laws related to conservation of endangered animals. The hunting parties bagged 39 tigers, 18 rhinoceros, and 4 bears. (Historical record of the Imperial visit to India, 1911, p.231-233).

https://anulib.anu.edu.au/using-the-library/collections/asia-pacific-digital-collections/his-imperial-majestys-shoot-in-nepalese-terai/