Thursday, 16 July 2015

A colossal monument for the Tamil bard Thiruvalluvar (1 to 3 century BC), Kanyakumari,

The Thiruvalluvar Statue in Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India..

Statue of Thiruvalluvar. Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, S.India  tidal waves surging past the statue. Tsunami of December 26,2004.
 In the southern tip of the Peninisular India, off the Coramandal coast of Kanyakumari, in a small inland with the back drop of the confluence of three seas - the Arabian sea, the Indian ocean and the Bay of Bengal, stands on the rock a massive and an imposing statue of Thiruvalluvar, one of the greatest Tamil poets ever lived. 

Standing at the huge feet , Thiruvalluvar Statue, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu.

Sri. Vivakanandar, Goddess Kumari Amman with Valluvar statue and Vivekananda Mandabam in the backdrop. .
 Thiruvalluvar  was born in Mylapore, Chennai to Aathi, a dalit woman and Bhagavan, a Brahmin.  Thiruvalluvar is thought to have lived sometime between the 3rd century BC and the 1st century BC His work Thirukural, about the essence of life, is the best in Tamil literature packed with sum and substance. Thirukkural is one of the most revered ancient works in the Tamil language. It is considered a compendium on ethics, providing a guide for human morals and betterment in life, touching all phases of human life. Thirukkural has been translated into several languages  including a translation into Latin in 1730 by Constanzo Beschi, an Italian Missionary and a scholar in Tamil in 1730, which helped make the work known to European intellectuals.
The Thiruvalluvar Statue in Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu,
This statue in standing posture is one of the main landmarks of Kanyakumar and is made of stone and cement. The height of the Thiruvalluvar statue is about 133 feet, denoting 133 chapters. The height of the pedestal of the statue is approximately 38 feet, signifying  the thirty eight chapters of Aram (good ethical behavior with conscience and honor). Moreover, the statue that is placed on the pedestal is about 95 feet high and it denotes the 25 chapters of  Inbam (dwells on Kaamam - love between man and awoman) and 70 chapters of Porul (the right manner of conducting worldly affairs) of Thirukural. There are 1330 poems, each being a succinct couplet, covering various categories. Thus Thiruvalluvar gives far more emphasis on  righteous living in public life. It is simply a Gospel on ''good living, good conduct and good character.''The  total weight of the statue is 7000 tons.The foundation for the statue was laid by the former Prime Minister, Morarji Desai on April 15, 1979, in the presence of the then Chief Minister, M.G. Ramachandran and after several modifications and delay, the statue was finally unveiled by the Chief Minister, M. Karunanidhi on January 01, 2000.
 The sculptor of this statue was Dr. V. Ganpati Sthapathi. It took  roughly 10 years for him to complete the work. September  1990 -1999

This statue is erected next to the Vivekananda Rock memorial. It is worth mentioning here in the 2004 December 26 tsunami incident that greatly affected  the east coat of India, and many countries, the people watching TV were aghast to see the giant tidal waves surging past almost the shoulder height of the Thiruvalluvar statue off the coast of Kanyakumari.


 01.  Tamil, a Dravidian language  widely spoken in Tamil Nadu, is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world.

 02. The only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past.

 03. Tamil literature has existed for over 2000 years.

 04. The Tamil Lexicon, published by the University of Madras, is the first among the Indian languages.
 05. Literature in all Dravidian languages owes a great deal to Sanskrit, the magic wand whose touch raised each of the languages from a level of patois to that of a literary idiom" (Sastri 1955, p. 309);


Meenakshisundaran, T.P. (1965), A History of Tamil Language, Poona: Deccan College