|The Milagres Church,Mangalore,Karnataka, first built in 1680.en.wikipedia.org|
|Bishop Thomas de Castro, a Theatine from Divar, Goa.www.milagreschurchmangalore.com|
During the 17th century. The Goan Catholics who migrated to Canara lacked priestly leadership. In 1658, a Carmelite missionary, Fr. Vincento Maria de Santa Catharina visited Canara (Karnataka) and reported to Rome about the miserable state of Christianity in that region. The Holy See came to the aid of the Canara Christians, and appointed a Theatine, Bishop Thomas de Castro as the Vicar Apostolic of Canara and Malabar. He arrived in Mangalore in 1677 and built a church there in 1680 on a piece of land given as a gift by the local Hindu queen the Keladi Chennamma to cater to the local Christians. Castro died on 16 July, 1684. After the Queen's death the land was taken over by her successor, King Basavappa. In 1715, a local priest Fr. Pinto, after long deliberation with the considerate local ruler, secured the land again from King Somashekara II. His nephew Fr. Alfred Pinto built a new church at the site of the present church in 1756. In 1763 Canara came under the rule of Hyder Ali and then his son Tipu Sultan in 1782.
Tip Sultan strongly believed that the local Christians had conspired against him in collusion with the British during the Second Anglo-Mysore War. The British, at that time, tried very hard to capture Tipu Sultan and his kingdom by hook or crook and Tipu developed a sort of abomination for the British and their unethical ways to get his kingdom. This resulted in his capturing of about 60,000 Mangalorean Catholics on Ash Wednesday 24 February 1784, and herded them to Srirangapatna. He also destroyed 27 churches including the Milagres Church in Mangalore. The Mangalorean
|The Milagres Church,Mangalore,Karnataka, first built in 1680 by Bishop Castro.en.wikipedia.org|
|Mangalorean Christians at a festival.www.mangalorean.com|
D'Souza, A. L. P. (1983), History of the Catholic Community of South Kanara, Desco Publishers.
Farias, Kranti K. (1999), The Christian Impact on South Kanara, Church History Association of India.
Prabhu, Alan Machado (1999). Sarasvati's Children: A History of the Mangalorean Christians. Bangalore: I.J.A. Publications. ISBN 978-81-86778-25-8..