|Secular ruler Sultan Ibrahim Adil Shah II,Bijapur,India. tendreams.org|
As a ruler of a big kingdom, the king or whoever be the head, bears a lot of responsibilities. He must be well-versed in administration, finance, military and above all the most important branch - management of people. Regardless of his personal religious faith, he must treat all his citizens on par with his own religion. In the days of Muslim rule in India, with some exception, most of the rulers it was not not the case. They purposely neglected the welfare of the people of other faiths and some treacherous Muslim rulers openly indulged in religious suppression of Hindus and others. The Bahmini dynasty of south India was an exception to this kind of unjust rule.
|Jama Masjid, Bijapur. Karnataka. Flicker|
The Bahmani dynasty, it is believed, descended from Bahman, the famous king of Iran. Ssultanates of this dynasty certainly not only enriched of India’s regional cultures but also made valid contributions to the development of the regional languages. They recognized Marathi as a language of business and trade and encouraged Marathi literature, besides Iranian, Urdu and Kannada..
Their center of activities during their rule was Bijapur, a prominent city in Karnataka, South India. In 1482, the Bahmini empire was split into five kingdoms and Bijapur sultanate was one of them.
One of the well-known ruler Ibrahim Adil Shah’s successor Ali Adil Shah I, who built famous historical building such as Chand Bawdi - large well, Ali Rauza- his own tomb, etc., was not blessed with a son. So, he at last, adopted his nephew Ibrahim II as his legal heir. After Ali Shah I death, Chand Bibi, Ibrahim's mother became an acting regent of Ibrahim, the fifth king of the Bahmani dynasty.
When Ibrahim took the reigns of the kingdom, he learned the nuances of regal administration of a big kingdom as quickly as he could. Being smart, intellectual, tolerant and just, he gained the respect of people of various sorts - Shia, Sunni Muslims, Hindus and others. No doubt the people under Adil Shah II (1556 - 12 September 1627)'s rule lived in peace and harmony.
|Ibrahim Adil Shah II (1591),Bijapur. India.quickwiki.com|
|Bijapur location map. Gurudev Ranade|
|Jama Masjid, Bijapur, Karnataka. Flicker.com|
The fifth king of the Adil Shahi dynasty is known in Indian history as Jagadguru Badshah.