|Gama meeting Zamorian chief, Calicut.1498.credit:corbisimages.com|
|Gama meeting Zamorian chief, Calicut. 1498. credit: asiawelcome.com|
Gama headed two of the armadas destined for India, the first and the fourth, the biggest armada, only four years after his arrival from the first one. For his contributions he was named in 1524 as the Governor of India. Gama's discovery of first sea route to India marked the beginning of the first wave of global multiculturalism.
|Vasco de Gama. credit. en wikipedia.org|
Portuguese established the trade posts in Goa, Daman, Diu, Calicut and Hoogly in Bengal to expand their mercantile trade in India . Francisco Almida, who came to India in 1505, developed a powerful naval base and in 1509. Albuquerque became the Governor and seized Goa from the then Bijapur Sultan Yusuf Adil Shah in 1510, encouraged his people to settle down there and they started fortifying Goa.Thus, Goa became the center of trade activities for the Portuguese.
Coming of Europeans:
Portuguese -1498; English -1600; Dutch – 1602; Danish 1616 and French 1664.
Vasco de Gama – maiden European looter - On his second trip to Calicut in October, 1501 Vasco de Gama's attempt to get the Hindu king to drive out the Zamaorins (who were not happy with the visitors on their early trip to Calicut)) having failed, he took revenge on them by attacking the unfortified town, the ships, and at last killed the native sailors gruesomely and sent a degrading message to the Zamorian king. Natives,valiant as they were put up a good fight and at last were subdued by Gama and his men under force. Vasco de gama made a huge fortune out of his second trip to India – Loaded with a lot of Indian stuff, which he would have bought at rock bottom price, on his return journey he made seventy times more than what he had spent on his sea journeys to India thus paving the way for the establishment of first Portuguese trading post on the west coast of India and taking the honor of becoming the first ever European looter on the Indian soil, ironically in return for the King's hospitality upon his first arrival in Calicut!!
Thus began the capturing of precious Indian land by the Portuguese way ahead of the British.
|Vasco de gama sea route to India-1498.credit: en wikipedia.org|