|Ft. William,Kolkata. credit:indifest.in|
|Archibald Campbell.builder of Ft.William Kolkata. credit:wikipedia.org|
|A.Campbell with his 2nd wife Anna. credit:www.eccentricbliss.com|
|Ft.William, Kolkata. Credit: www.buzzop.com|
Most Chief Engineers like Brohier, Martin and others were arrogant, obstinate and worst of all, niggardly and did not last for more than two years. The workers were not treated by the British sahibs with dignity and respect for their talents and skills. By the time Lieut Col. Archibald Campbell arrived to take up his position as the chief engineer of the project, the situation was chaotic. Archibald was energetic and methodical and was a man of high integrity and good ability. He arrived on February 20,1769, and the building works at Fort William were at last reduced to some order and system.When he assumed charge in Fort William, he made his assistants keep books in which they were obliged to record every important engineering transaction.
In modern India "the 'new' Fort William is still in use, and is presently the headquarters of the Eastern Command of the Indian Army. It is heavily guarded by the Indian Army and civilian entry is restricted. (vide wikipedia)
Campbell made a fortune in India in an honest way unlike many British officers who were corrupt. While he was in Calcutta, Campbell laid the foundation of his vast wealth. With Captain Henry Watson, he (privately) invested in a dockyard at Kidderpore (south of Fort William). The two men acted as contractors for building and repairing ships until the Government purchased their concern. It was a legitimate business, as private trade by Company employees was still allowed. After his return to Britain, Campbell became the Member of Parliament for Stirlin and bought Knapdale's Inverneill Estate.The Dictionary of National Biography notes that Campbell made a fortune trading in silk.